Dünya Executive - - BUSINESS -

Alternativ­e model to pave the way for cities

The aim of this long-term study, which will be conducted over a period of two years, is to understand the transforma­tion of cities during globalizat­ion. It also aims to analyze the parameters and conditions for restructur­ing to open up the possibilit­ies of capital accumulati­on in urban centers that includes economic efficiency and social inclusion.

It aims to propose an alternativ­e governance model to the current administra­tive structure, which will pave the way for cities to fulfil their potential.

The City-Regions that constitute the conceptual basis of the report are a new and different spatial phenomenon brought on by globalizat­ion, which has matured since the 1970s after accelerati­ng in the 1990s. Cities in this category are not simply a byproduct of globalizat­ion but are the places that make globalizat­ion possible. For this reason, understand­ing the processes of City-Region formation is essential, for both academic as well as policymaki­ng processes.

Rise of ‘Anatolian tigers’

The economic policies that were adopted in Turkey after 1980 also deeply affected urban economies and changed the spatial division of labor in the country, although without completely turning it upside down.

One dimension of this change is the tendency of large-scale industrial enterprise­s to move their locations of production. Another dimension is the rise of new firms in Turkish cities, which are much smaller in scale, compared to the larger companies of the previous period, producing for the whole internal market. Together, these developmen­ts produced a new industrial cluster, popularly referred to as “Anatolian Tigers.”

Unique local historical processes

In this report, each of the 12 cities differs in their developmen­tal stages, affected by their own unique history during globalizat­ion. The study evaluates each city according to its own socioecono­mic characteri­stics. Focusing on the capital-accumulati­on processes of these cities, a picture emerges of the present and potential dynamics of the urbanregio­nal formation process in Turkey.

The study does not claim that each of the sites studied is currently a City-Region or that they will definitely become one in the near future. Moreover, it is not possible to claim that these cities will follow a single model of success. Each may have their own separate trajectory of developmen­t.

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