REPORT AIMS TO PROPOSE ALTERNATIVE GOVERNANCE MODEL
Alternative model to pave the way for cities
The aim of this long-term study, which will be conducted over a period of two years, is to understand the transformation of cities during globalization. It also aims to analyze the parameters and conditions for restructuring to open up the possibilities of capital accumulation in urban centers that includes economic efficiency and social inclusion.
It aims to propose an alternative governance model to the current administrative structure, which will pave the way for cities to fulfil their potential.
The City-Regions that constitute the conceptual basis of the report are a new and different spatial phenomenon brought on by globalization, which has matured since the 1970s after accelerating in the 1990s. Cities in this category are not simply a byproduct of globalization but are the places that make globalization possible. For this reason, understanding the processes of City-Region formation is essential, for both academic as well as policymaking processes.
Rise of ‘Anatolian tigers’
The economic policies that were adopted in Turkey after 1980 also deeply affected urban economies and changed the spatial division of labor in the country, although without completely turning it upside down.
One dimension of this change is the tendency of large-scale industrial enterprises to move their locations of production. Another dimension is the rise of new firms in Turkish cities, which are much smaller in scale, compared to the larger companies of the previous period, producing for the whole internal market. Together, these developments produced a new industrial cluster, popularly referred to as “Anatolian Tigers.”
Unique local historical processes
In this report, each of the 12 cities differs in their developmental stages, affected by their own unique history during globalization. The study evaluates each city according to its own socioeconomic characteristics. Focusing on the capital-accumulation processes of these cities, a picture emerges of the present and potential dynamics of the urbanregional formation process in Turkey.
The study does not claim that each of the sites studied is currently a City-Region or that they will definitely become one in the near future. Moreover, it is not possible to claim that these cities will follow a single model of success. Each may have their own separate trajectory of development.