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A top U.S. State Department official warned Turkey on June 26 that its purchase of Lockheed Martin F-35 Joint Strike Fighter jets would be jeopardize­d if it does not drop a plan to buy S-400 missile defense systems from Russia. If it buys the system, Turkey would also be subject to sanctions under a bill President Donald Trump signed into law last summer, Wess Mitchell, U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs, testified in the Senate.

That sweeping sanctions law, known as CAATSA, seeks to punish companies that do business with Russia’s defense industry. “We’ve also been very clear that across the board, an acquisitio­n of S-400 will inevitably affect the prospects for Turkish military-industrial cooperatio­n with the United States, including F-35s,” Mitchell told a Foreign Relations subcommitt­ee hearing on U.S. relations with Europe.

Ties between Washington and Ankara have been strained in recent months over a host of issues, including U.S. policy in Syria and legal cases against American citizens detained in Turkey, notably a U.S. pastor named Andrew Brunson, who is being held on terrorism charges. Mitchell estimated there are about two dozen detained Americans in Turkey, many of them dual nationals. But Mitchell also praised Turkey, a member of NATO, as “a crucial ally and partner,” citing its support for the campaign against the Islamic State militant group. “We work with them very closely on intelligen­ce and in other areas, but this has the potential to spike the punch,” he said.

Separately, Trump congratula­ted Turkey’s Tayyip Erdogan by telephone on June 26 for his victory in Sunday’s presidenti­al election and the two leaders agreed to improve bilateral defense and security ties, Erdogan’s office said. Various pieces of legislatio­n have been making their way through Congress that would block the transfer of the jets to Turkey over its plan to purchase the Russian system.

Mitchell said the administra­tion believes it has the legal authority to withhold the transfer of the military jets to Turkey, if need be, without Congress passing legislatio­n. Lockheed Martin held a ceremony last week to mark the “rollout” of the first F-35 jet for Turkey, but that aircraft was headed for Arizona, where F-35 training takes place. Delivery of the jets into Turkey is not expected until next year.

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