Presidential deep dive
The new era in effect from July 9, has brought an administrative restructuring the likes of which Turkey has never seen before
With change to the new system coming at lightning speed, we
look at the finer details
What does the new system look like on a fundamental level?
The Prime Ministry, the symbol of the preceding parliamentary system, was closed along with all its sub-departments. New structures were established that will work under the presidency in the new period.
What has changed in legislative processes?
In the parliamentary system, laws drafted by the Council of Ministers were enacted at the Parliamentary General Assembly after they were approved by Parliamentary commissions. Deputies were also able to prepare and present legislation individually. Because there is no Council of Ministers in the new system, laws in Parliament can only be enacted with the proposals of MPs.
Will the President prepare laws?
Indirectly, yes. The process of legislative acts to be carried out by the Presidency will be fulfilled by the Presidency Policy Boards and Presidency Offices, newly established structures under the Presidency.
How will these newly established structures work?
There will be no direct hierarchical link between these institutions. The Presidential Policy Boards formed by Presidential Decree No. 1 will determine policies on issues such as economy, education, science and health. The Presidency Offices will provide coordination among all institutions and organizations in matters such as finance, investment, digital transformation and human resources. Implementation of new legislation enacted by the Presidency and the Parliament will be carried out by the 16 ministries.
Which councils were established under the Presidency?
Presidential Offices: 1-Digital Transformation Office 2-Finance Office 3-Human Resources Office 4-Investment
Office Presidency Policy Boards: 1-Science Technology and Innovation Policies Board
2-Education Policies Board 3-Economic Policies Board 4-Safety and Foreign Policies Board
5-Law Policies Board 6-Culture and Art Policies Board 7-Health and Food Policies Board 8-Social Policies Board 9-Local Government Policies Board Administrative Board, Councils and Commissions: 1-Asset Freeze Assessment Commission 2-Supreme Council for the Protection of Cultural Property 3-Economic Affairs Emergency Coordination Board 4-The Board specified in the Mining Law, Article 7 (established by the head of the ministry related to the State Planning Organization which determines the priority and importance of mining operations and other investments) 5- Unfair Competition in Imports Evaluation Board 6-Private
Pension Scheme Advisory Board 7-Minimum Wage Determination Commission 8Petroleum Market Law (Article 16) Board
9-Wholesales Market Council
How will commissions work?
The Boards, Councils and Commissions in the new system are predominantly carry-overs from the parliamentary system, some of which worked under various ministries, others under the prime ministry. These will continue to perform their old functions. The only exception is the Economic Affairs Emergency Coordination Board. This committee was newly formed with the Presidential Decree No. 1. There is no information in the decree regarding the function of this board, however. It only states that it will be consist of ministers determined by the President.
How will senior bureaucrats be determined in the new system?
In the new period, all senior bureaucrats will be determined by the President. Their term in office will be tied to the President’s.
What qualifications are required for senior bureaucrats?
Qualified candidates will require a four-year university degree and have worked for at least five years in the private sector or with international organizations. Appointees to these positions may be employed on a contract basis without regard to the provisions of Law No. 657 and other laws.
Will the current Central Bank President continue to serve?
With the publication of Decree No. 3, there were discussions about whether the term of office of the Central Bank Chairman, Murat Cetinkaya, would end. According to the interpretations of lawyers, Cetinkaya’s term does not automatically expire.
How long are the terms of office of bureaucrats?
A-Titles with a duration of
four years: Director Of Religious Affairs, The Council of Higher Education members, rectors, Student Selection and Placement Centre President, Central Bank President and vice presidents, TurkStat President, Board of Education and Discipline Chairman, The Scientific and Technological Research Council President, TRT General Manager, TRT Chairman and Board of Directors, Chairman and Members of the Regulatory and Supervisory Authority, Saving Deposit Insurance Fund President and Members, Turkey’s Human Rights and Equality Authority Chairman and Members, Internal Audit Coordination Board members, Chairman of the Institute of Manuscripts, President of the Institute of Forensic Medicine, State Audit Court Chief Prosecutor.
B-Titles with three-year duration: Head of Turkish Institute of Health, Ataturk Supreme Council for Culture, Language and History.