U.S. tariff hikes make no economic sense

Dünya Executive - - BUSINESS -

U.S. President Donald Trump’s decision to double tariffs on Turkish steel and aluminum imports fails to make economic sense, experts told Anadolu Agency last week.

“Economical­ly, it does not make any sense. It’s a terrible decision,” said Mayra Rodriguez Valladares, the managing principal of New York-based financial consulting and research firm MRV Associates. “It will hurt U.S. manufactur­ers that import steel and aluminum from Turkey, although that only constitute­s a small portion of domestic steel and aluminum consumptio­n.”

Last year, Turkey ranked sixth among exporters of steel to the U.S., representi­ng 7 percent of total U.S. steel imports. The U.S. was the top destinatio­n for Turkish steel exports in 2017, which were worth $1.1 billion.

“If they [U.S. manufactur­ers] are importing from Turkey and they rely on them, then tariffs are going to make it more expensive for them by raising their own costs,” said William Jackson, chief emerging markets economist at London-based Capital Economics. Higher tariffs “could raise some of the costs for the U.S., or rather offset some of the falling prices that they [US manufactur­ers] enjoyed,” he added. U.S. manufactur­ers that import steel from Turkey have been benefiting from the rising value of the dol- lar against the Turkish lira, which climbed to a fresh all-time high on August 10. Jackson said the weakness of the lira would boost competitiv­eness for Turkey’s exports, but the tariffs on steel and aluminum would offset that.

Turkey’s steel exports were valued at $11.5 billion last year, accounting for 7.3 percent of its total exports worth $157 billion, according to the Turkish Steel Exporters’ Associatio­n. Trump’s decision to double tariffs on Turkey is another salvo in the growing dispute between the two NATO allies.

Turkey and the U.S. are currently experienci­ng rocky relations following Washington’s imposition of sanctions on Interior Minister Suleyman Soylu and Justice Minister Abdulhamit Gul for not releasing American Pastor Andrew Brunson, who faces terrorism charges in Turkey.

“Trump using tariffs as a tool is not even a bargaining chip because there is no bargain here. It is a threat,” said Rodriguez Valladares. “He is using tariffs as a threat to get what he wants politicall­y or economical­ly. The message he sends is that he cannot be trusted. His behavior is erratic.”

In the wake of Trump’s decision to impose higher tariffs, the three major U.S. indices ended August 10 with losses of around 0.7 percent, with the Dow Jones Industrial Average falling nearly 200 points.

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