Employment crisis

Dünya Executive - - COMMENTARY - Ismet OZKUL Columnist

The unemployme­nt rate rose in the summer months instead of declining this year, and the unemployme­nt rate in September, which reflects the August-September-October average, increased to 11.43 percent. This negative trend will continue as economic conditions deteriorat­e.

The recession in the economy in the third quarter of the year laid bare the unpreceden­ted crisis on the employment and unemployme­nt front. The numbers are indeed troubling:

►The private sector has started to reduce employment. In September, employment showed a weak increase of 266,000 compared to a year ago. However, this seems to have been achieved mainly with the help of the public sector. The total employment increase in the public administra­tion, defense, education and health sectors is 880,000. Without these, employment would fall by 614,000 and the number of unemployed would increase to 4,363,000, or 13.3 percent.

►Moreover, the employment increase in these sectors is not the employment of qualified labor. This situation shows that the increase in the public sector is also an artificial increase due to the election economy. For example, the employment increase of 127,000 people in the education sector consists of 77,000 people with no higher education degrees of whom 33,000 only secondary- or primary-level education. In the health sector, 155,000 of the 305,000 newly-employed consist of people with no vocational training even at the high school level. Of these, 99,000 are secondary and primary school educated. Of the 448,000 people employed in public administra­tion and defense, 209,000 are secondary and primary school educated.

►Small businesses are the first in the private sector to be affected by this crisis. There is a loss of employment of 269,000 people compared to last year in micro enterprise­s with 10 or fewer employees.

►In jobs requiring low qualificat­ions, dismissals are felt more acutely. There have been 58,000 job losses in office and customer services, 65,000 in agricultur­e, 78,000 in craftsmans­hip work, and 189,000 in jobs that require no qualificat­ion. In the meantime, the fact that 42.5 percent (113,000) of the 266,000 increase in the total employment are managers is a strange contradict­ion.

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