ACEA high­lights the need for ac­cel­er­at­ing ef­forts to­wards ze­roe­mis­sion mo­bil­ity

Lubricant World - - CONTENTS -

At the start of a new EU po­lit­i­cal term, the Eu­ro­pean Au­to­mo­bile Man­u­fac­tur­ers’ As­so­ci­a­tion ( ACEA) is ur­gently call­ing for a com­pre­hen­sive plan to en­able the tran­si­tion to zero- emis­sion mo­bil­ity in Eu­rope. This should in­clude a ma­jor ramp- up of charg­ing and re­fu­elling in­fra­struc­ture, as well as mean­ing­ful pur­chase in­cen­tives to stim­u­late sales, help­ing to achieve the goals set by the EU.

At the Frank­furt Mo­tor Show, ACEA launched the first edi­tion of its an­nual re­port on the key ‘ en­abling fac­tors' for stronger con­sumer ac­cep­tance of elec­tric and other al­ter­na­tively- pow­ered cars in the EU. If the ex­tremely am­bi­tious 2025 and 2030 CO tar­gets set by 2 the EU are to be achieved, sales of such ve­hi­cles will have to pick up rapidly.

The aim of ACEA's re­port is there­fore to track progress on the avail­abil­ity of in­fra­struc­ture and in­cen­tives ( such as bonus pay­ments and pre­mi­ums) ahead of the ‘ mid- term re­view' of the CO tar­gets, to be con­ducted by the Eu­ro­pean Com­mis­sion in 2023. 2

“Our in­dus­try is ea­ger to move as fast as pos­si­ble to­wards zero- emis­sion mo­bil­ity. But this tran­si­tion is a

shared re­spon­si­bil­ity,” un­der­lined Car­los Tavares, ACEA Pres­i­dent and Chair­man of the Board of PSA Group. “It re­quires a 360 de­grees ap­proach.”

Tavares: “From our side, we are of­fer­ing an ev­er­grow­ing choice of al­ter­na­tively- pow­ered cars to our cus­tomers. In par­al­lel, govern­ments across the EU need to match the in­creas­ing pace at which we are launch­ing these cars by dra­mat­i­cally step­ping up in­vest­ments in in­fra­struc­ture. More­over, they also have to put in place sus­tain­able pur­chase in­cen­tives that are con­sis­tent across the EU.”

ACEA's 2019 progress re­port shows that in 2018 there were less than 145,000 charg­ing points for elec­tri­cal­ly­charge­able ve­hi­cles ( ECVs) avail­able through­out the en­tire Eu­ro­pean Union. Although this is three times more than five years ago, it still falls far short of the at least 2.8 mil­lion charg­ing points that will be re­quired by 2030, which trans­lates into a 20- fold in­crease in the next decade.

But it is not only the over­all lack of in­fra­struc­ture that poses a prob­lem, it is also the huge im­bal­ance in its dis­tri­bu­tion across the EU. In­deed, four coun­tries cov­er­ing roughly one quar­ter of the EU's to­tal sur­face area – the Nether­lands, Ger­many, France and the UK – ac­count for more than 75 per­cent of all ECV charg­ing points in the EU, ac­cord­ing to the lat­est ACEA's anal­y­sis.

In ad­di­tion, there is a clear link be­tween the mar­ket up­take of ECVs and the num­ber of charg­ing points per 100 km of road: al­most all EU coun­tries with less than 1 charg­ing point per 100 km of road also have an ECV mar­ket share of un­der 1 per­cent.

An­other ma­jor is­sue is af­ford­abil­ity. The new ACEA data shows that the mar­ket up­take of elec­tri­cal­ly­charge­able ve­hi­cles is also di­rectly cor­re­lated to a coun­try's stan­dard of liv­ing. All EU mem­ber states with an ECV mar­ket share that is less than 1 per­cent have a GDP per capita be­low € 29,000. That in­cludes many coun­tries in Cen­tral and East­ern Eu­rope, but also Greece, Italy and Spain.

“We need to safe­guard peo­ple's right to mo­bil­ity, re­gard­less of where they live or their fi­nan­cial means,” con­cluded Car­los Tavares. “Mo­bil­ity must be clean, safe and af­ford­able.”

Key find­ings of ACEA re­port 1. Mar­ket up­take of al­ter­na­tively- pow­ered cars

2 per­cent of all cars sold in 2018 were elec­tri­cally-charge­able (+ 1.4 per­cent­age points since 2014).

3.8 per­cent of new pas­sen­ger cars in the EU were hy­brid elec­tric last year (+ 2.4 per­cent­age points over the last five years).

0.4 per­cent of all cars sold in 2018 were nat­u­ral gas- pow­ered (- 0.4 per­cent­age points since 2014).

Fuel cell ve­hi­cles cur­rently ac­count for a neg­li­gi­ble share of to­tal EU car sales.

2. CO emis­sions of new pas­sen­ger cars 2

In 2017, petrol cars be­came the most sold type in the EU for the first time since 2009.

2017 also marked the first in­crease (+ 0.3 per­cent) in CO from new cars since records be­gan.

2

2018 saw an even big­ger drop in diesel sales, and a stronger surge in de­mand for petrol, re­sult­ing in a 1.8 per­cent in­crease of new- car CO emis­sions.

2

3. Af­ford­abil­ity

The mar­ket up­take of elec­tri­cally- charge­able ve­hi­cles ( ECVs) is di­rectly cor­re­lated to a coun­try's GDP per capita, show­ing that af­ford­abil­ity is a ma­jor bar­rier to con­sumers.

All coun­tries with an ECV mar­ket share of less than 1 per­cent have a GDP be­low € 29,000, in­clud­ing EU mem­ber states in Cen­tral and East­ern Eu­rope, but also Spain, Italy and Greece.

An ECV share of above 3.5 per­cent only oc­curs in coun­tries with a GDP of more than € 42,000.

Only 12 EU coun­tries of­fer bonus pay­ments or pre­mi­ums to buy­ers of ECVs. These pur­chase in­cen­tives, and es­pe­cially their mon­e­tary value, dif­fer greatly across the Eu­ro­pean Union.

If we ex­pand the scope to also in­clude tax ex­emp­tions and re­duc­tions ( i. e. re­lated to ac­qui­si­tion and own­er­ship), four mem­ber states do not of­fer any tax ben­e­fits or in­cen­tives for ECVs at all.

4. In­fra­struc­ture avail­abil­ity

Although there has been a strong growth in the de­ploy­ment of ECV in­fra­struc­ture, the to­tal num­ber of charg­ing points avail­able across the EU ( 144,000) falls far short of what is re­quired.

Ac­cord­ing to con­ser­va­tive es­ti­mates by the Eu­ro­pean Com­mis­sion, at least 2.8 mil­lion charg­ing points will be needed by 2030. That is a 20- fold in­crease within the next 12 years.

Four coun­tries cov­er­ing 27 per­cent of the EU's to­tal sur­face area – the Nether­lands, Ger­many, France and the UK – ac­count for 76 per­cent of all ECV charg­ing points in the EU.

Al­most all EU mem­ber states with less than 1 charg­ing point per 100 km of road have an ECV mar­ket share of un­der 1 per­cent.

There were just 47 hy­dro­gen fill­ing sta­tions avail­able across 11 EU coun­tries in 2018.

17 mem­ber states did not have a sin­gle hy­dro­gen fill­ing sta­tion.

There are some 3,400 nat­u­ral gas fill­ing sta­tions in the EU, up 17.5 per­cent since 2014.

Two- thirds of these fill­ing points are con­cen­trated in two coun­tries ( Italy and Ger­many).

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