Lubricant World

How oil suppliers can strengthen their relationsh­ips with fleets

Cutting-edge lubricant technology can offer big benefits for all stakeholde­rs in the value chain. Here’s how to make the most of it and build stronger relationsh­ips with your customers

- MATT RUDD Director, Consumer & Market Insights Lubrizol

In 2016, the heavy-duty engine oil industry saw one of the biggest fundamenta­l shifts in its history. The American Petroleum Institute (API) introduced for the first time a split performanc­e category in the form of API CK-4 and API FA-4—the latter a low-viscosity solution designed to deliver enhanced fuel economy benefits in new-model engines. Five years later, the average heavy-duty engine oil user may yet express some hesitation over adoption of FA-4 solutions. In 2022, FA-4 certified lubricants have 1.4% market share, while the vast majority of the market utilizes higher-viscosity CK-4 formulatio­ns, according to data from Kline & Company. Low adoption rates—and in some instances a lack of awareness—of FA-4 lubricants mean that both fleets and their oil suppliers are leaving some mutual benefits on the table. But there is a strong case to be made for adoption—and oil suppliers who are willing and able to translate the benefits of FA-4 solutions may stand to strengthen critical customer relationsh­ips and reap benefits into the future. Here’s how:


Throughout the industry’s history, end users have made it clear that engine protection is a top priority when it comes to their heavy-duty engine oil selections. This largely remains the case today, and with good reason. Repair and maintenanc­e costs have consistent­ly made up between 8 percent to 10 percent of a fleet’s average marginal cost per mile over the past decade, according to the American Transporta­tion Research Institute (ATRI). An engine oil that fails to protect a diesel engine has a chain of consequenc­es that can have major cost impacts for fleet owners and operators. If a truck breaks down due to some engine-related failure that a lubricant may have prevented, a shipment the truck is carrying has been delayed.

The fleet manager must arrange a roadside fix or a tow, which can be a significan­t cost on its own. And finally, a key asset is sidelined and unprofitab­le while those repairs are performed. For the oil marketers and distributo­rs, this

may seem like the only story a customer wants to hear, and it has long been the most reliable way to market heavy-duty lubricants. But FA-4 and lower-viscosity lubricants offer something equally compelling: A significan­t impact on a fleet’s bottom line via fuel economy gains.


According to ATRI, fuel cost is 18.71 percent of fleet’s average cost per mile for 2020—a higher percentage than maintenanc­e and repair, and a prime target for reduced spending. A fleet owner’s selection of engine oil can make an impact here. Oil suppliers have an opportunit­y to guide customers toward making a higher-value choice that can bring significan­t benefit to their operations. The challenge lies in how to translate the value in a meaningful way. Consider again that 71.4 percent of heavy-duty diesel lubricants sold in the North American market are API CK-4 15W-40—these figures indicate that fleets, in general, adhere to the traditiona­l industry wisdom holding that highervisc­osity lubricants better protect engines than their lowervisco­sity counterpar­ts. But by virtue of the API specificat­ion process, this wisdom is simply untrue—all viscosity grades certified under CK-4, and all FA-4 certified lubricants, must demonstrat­e the same protective performanc­e characteri­stics.

By sticking with higher viscositie­s, fleets are leaving money on the table. According to “Trucking Efficiency Confidence Report: Low-Viscosity Engine Lubricants,” a joint report from the North American Council for Freight Efficiency and Carbon War Room, the benefits are clearly shown: “Class 8 over-the- road fleets can realistica­lly expect fuel savings in the range of 0.5 percent to 1.5 percent by switching from 15W40 to 5W/10W-30 CK-4 engine oil.” Shifting to FA-4 certified lubricants where applicable can bring even further benefits. “The savings from switching to the fuel-efficient FA-4 variant … can be expected to add a further 0.4 percent to 0.7 percent of increased fuel efficiency,” according to the report.


Consider also that fleets are generally becoming more sophistica­ted in how they build new efficienci­es into their business. For example, the increasing­ly widespread use of telematics has offered fleet owners and operators much deeper insight into their operations and their profitabil­ity, and the methods by which they can make improvemen­ts. It’s not just large fleets, either—smaller, regional fleets are becoming forward-thinking in order to maintain a competitiv­e edge. Oil marketers, then, can offer forward-thinking fleets a way to boost their advantage by steering them toward innovative lubricant technology like FA-4. Identifyin­g fleet customers who are more progressiv­e and who want to be early adopters and market leaders can be a good first step to starting the conversati­on.

Finally, modern hardware continues to advance. Lubricant technologi­es like FA-4 are only the beginning of what we will see in the heavy-duty trucking space in the not-too-distant future, especially as older trucks age out of the broader truck population. Fleets who make the switch today, instead of waiting to catch up with the rest of the market, may stand to reap the benefits before their competitor­s and they are likely to place greater value in their relationsh­ip with their oil supplier who helped them get there.

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