GCC sum­mits in Saudi Ara­bia

Gulf News - - From The Cover -

Riyadh: The Saudi cap­i­tal is set to host the 39th Gulf Co­op­er­a­tion Coun­cil (GCC) sum­mit to­day. Saudi Ara­bia has hosted seven GCC sum­mits since the in­cep­tion of the six-mem­ber al­liance in May 1981. Four kings have chaired the GCC sum­mits held in Saudi Ara­bia so far. King Khalid Bin Ab­dul Aziz chaired the first one, King Fahd chaired the next three, King Ab­dul­lah chaired two meet­ings and King Sal­man chaired the last one.

Novem­ber 1981

The first sum­mit in Riyadh was in Novem­ber 1981. The GCC reviewed the po­lit­i­cal, eco­nomic and se­cu­rity sit­u­a­tion in the Gulf and an­nounced its in­ten­tion to con­tinue co­or­di­na­tion to ad­dress the threats sur­round­ing the re­gion. The Coun­cil re­it­er­ated its be­lief that the only way to achieve a just peace in the Mid­dle East was the with­drawal of Is­rael from all the Oc­cu­pied Ter­ri­to­ries.

De­cem­ber 1987

The sum­mit co­in­cided with the in­au­gu­ra­tion of the GCC head­quar­ters in Riyadh.

It dis­cussed the de­vel­op­ments of the Iraq-Iran war, the sit­u­a­tion in the Gulf and in the Arab world, the Pales­tinian cause and the prob­lem of Le­banon. The Coun­cil ad­dressed the Arab is­sues and praised the out­come of the ex­tra­or­di­nary Arab sum­mit held in Jor­dan.

It con­sid­ered the oil sit­u­a­tion and re­cent de­vel­op­ments in world mar­kets and stressed the need to main­tain mar­ket sta­bil­ity.

De­cem­ber 1993

The Coun­cil af­firmed its full de­ter­mi­na­tion to ac­cel­er­ate the progress of the GCC to­wards wider hori­zons to face all chal­lenges and keep pace with re­gional and global changes. The lead­ers dis­cussed de­velop- ments in the Gulf re­gion, in light of the Iraqi regime’s vi­o­la­tion of the terms of the cease­fire and the con­tin­u­a­tion of its claims in Kuwait.

The Coun­cil called on Iran to re­spond to the call of the UAE for a di­rect di­a­logue and com­mit­ment to all peace­ful means to end the oc­cu­pa­tion of the three UAE is­lands.

The Coun­cil reviewed the se­cu­rity and liv­ing con­di­tions in Bos­nia and Herze­gov­ina.

Novem­ber 1999

GCC lead­ers agreed on tar­iff cat­e­gories (ex­empted goods, ba­sic com­modi­ties) by 5.5 per cent and other com­modi­ties by 7.5 per cent. The Coun­cil an­nounced the GCC Cus­toms Union will be im­ple­mented in March 2005.

De­cem­ber 2006

The sum­mit was named “Jaber Sum­mit”, fol­low­ing the death of the Emir of Kuwait, Shaikh Jaber Al Ah­mad Al Sabah. The lead­ers com­mis­sioned a study to set up a nu­clear en­ergy com­mon pro­gramme for peace­ful pur­poses.

De­cem­ber 2011

King Ab­dul­lah called on GCC to move from the stage of co­op­er­a­tion to the stage of union within a sin­gle en­tity.

GCC states wel­comed the call to set up a com­mis­sion made up of three mem­bers from each state to study all as­pects.

Novem­ber 2015

King Sal­man called for join­ing forces and work­ing to­gether to con­tinue to pro­tect GCC states from ex­ter­nal threats and to re­store the le­git­i­mate rights of the Pales­tinian peo­ple. Coun­cil re­it­er­ated keen­ness on se­cu­rity and sta­bil­ity in Ye­men un­der its le­git­i­mate lead­er­ship and stressed po­lit­i­cal so­lu­tion to solve cri­sis.

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