A look at the latest investments and projects in the Middle East
Bahrain Petroleum Company (Bapco) plans to add 100,000 barrels per day (bpd) of capacity to its refinery. They aim is to boost the processing capacity of the country’s only oil refinery to 360,000bpd from its current 267,000bpd by updating aging facilities. Approximately 220,000bpd of oil is currently provided by Saudi Aramco, while 40,000bpd is coming from Bahrain’s own reserves. This means the company will look to develop the residue conversion unit (RCU) first as it will process heavier crude types into lighter grade products. Bapco will then use the money generated by the RCU to fund the remaining work. Bulk of the additional capacity will be middle distillates, or diesel fuel. The key units include the crude unit and associated facilities, the hydrocracker and associated facilities, the residue conversion units, and the waste treatment facility. The residue conversion unit will open access to cheaper feedstock of heavy crude oil and thus, a larger diversity of sources of supply. The hydrocracker and associated facilities will include a new hydrocracking unit with 60,000bpd capacity, expansion of the mild hydrocracking unit from 54,000bpd to 70,000bpd capacity, and a new fluid catalytic cracker. A dehydrosulphurisation unit is also planned to produce diesel according to international standards with sulphur content of fewer than 10 parts per million.
Recently, Saudi Aramco and Bapco announced the successful commissioning of AB-4 pipeline, a new phase of the strategic Saudi Aramco-bahrain crude oil pipeline to meet Bahrain’s growing energy demand.