A look at the lat­est in­vest­ments and projects in the Mid­dle East

Refining & Petrochemicals Middle East - - CONTENTS -

Bahrain Pe­tro­leum Com­pany (Bapco) plans to add 100,000 bar­rels per day (bpd) of ca­pac­ity to its re­fin­ery. They aim is to boost the pro­cess­ing ca­pac­ity of the coun­try’s only oil re­fin­ery to 360,000bpd from its cur­rent 267,000bpd by up­dat­ing ag­ing fa­cil­i­ties. Ap­prox­i­mately 220,000bpd of oil is cur­rently pro­vided by Saudi Aramco, while 40,000bpd is com­ing from Bahrain’s own re­serves. This means the com­pany will look to de­velop the residue con­ver­sion unit (RCU) first as it will process heav­ier crude types into lighter grade prod­ucts. Bapco will then use the money gen­er­ated by the RCU to fund the re­main­ing work. Bulk of the ad­di­tional ca­pac­ity will be mid­dle dis­til­lates, or diesel fuel. The key units in­clude the crude unit and as­so­ci­ated fa­cil­i­ties, the hy­dro­c­racker and as­so­ci­ated fa­cil­i­ties, the residue con­ver­sion units, and the waste treat­ment fa­cil­ity. The residue con­ver­sion unit will open ac­cess to cheaper feed­stock of heavy crude oil and thus, a larger di­ver­sity of sources of sup­ply. The hy­dro­c­racker and as­so­ci­ated fa­cil­i­ties will in­clude a new hy­dro­c­rack­ing unit with 60,000bpd ca­pac­ity, ex­pan­sion of the mild hy­dro­c­rack­ing unit from 54,000bpd to 70,000bpd ca­pac­ity, and a new fluid cat­alytic cracker. A de­hy­dro­sul­phuri­sa­tion unit is also planned to pro­duce diesel ac­cord­ing to in­ter­na­tional stan­dards with sul­phur con­tent of fewer than 10 parts per mil­lion.

Re­cently, Saudi Aramco and Bapco an­nounced the suc­cess­ful com­mis­sion­ing of AB-4 pipe­line, a new phase of the strate­gic Saudi Aramco-bahrain crude oil pipe­line to meet Bahrain’s grow­ing en­ergy de­mand.

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