SE­VERE TOOTH DE­CAY IN CHIL­DREN COULD MEAN WIDER NE­GLECT

The Gulf Today - Panorama - - HAVE YOU HEARD? -

Researchers at King’s Col­lege Hos­pi­tal in Lon­don said un­treated tooth pain should “ring alarm bells” for any clin­i­cian. The team dis­cov­ered that 40 per cent of chil­dren who needed den­tal or max­illo­fa­cial surgery due to den­tal de­cay were known to so­cial ser­vices.

The find­ings have led to a new process at King’s Col­lege Hos­pi­tal A&E unit for chil­dren ad­mit­ted with den­tal in­fec­tions, which sees them as­sessed for child ne­glect and re­ferred to a safe­guard­ing team if nec­es­sary.

The King’s team looked at the pa­tient data of chil­dren who at­tended the hos­pi­tal with a den­tal or max­illo­fa­cial in­fec­tion re­quir­ing surgery be­tween Jan­uary 2015 and Jan­uary 2017. “Over half of the chil­dren we cared for were aged be­tween 5 and 8, and in­di­cates this age group is at great­est risk of harm,” said study co-au­thor, Kathy Fan, a con­sul­tant oral and max­illo­fa­cial sur­geon at King’s. “Sadly, by the time we treated the chil­dren they would al­ready have suf­fered a sus­tained pe­riod of oral ne­glect, and prob­a­bly been in pain.” Tooth de­cay was the main rea­son for hos­pi­tal ad­mis­sions among 5 to 9-year-olds in Eng­land. Researchers in the US are work­ing on a tech­nol­ogy that could make homes of the fu­ture ad­just to your ac­tiv­ity with­out the need for invasive cam­eras. So when you leave a room, you would not re­quire any­one to tell them that the lights, or the fans needed to be switched off. Sen­sors hid­den in the walls or floors could au­to­mat­i­cally de­tect that the room was empty and do the need­ful.

This sys­tem would read not only the vi­bra­tions, sounds – and even the spe­cific gait, or other move­ments – as­so­ci­ated with peo­ple and an­i­mals in a build­ing, but also any sub­tle changes in the ex­ist­ing am­bi­ent elec­tri­cal field.

“There is ac­tu­ally a con­stant 60Hz elec­tri­cal field all around us, and be­cause peo­ple are some­what con­duc­tive, they short out the field just a lit­tle,” said Soumya­jit Man­dal, as­sis­tant pro­fes­sor of Elec­tri­cal En­gi­neer­ing and Com­puter Sci­ence at Case West­ern Re­serve Univer­sity in Ohio, US. “So, by mea­sur­ing the dis­tur­bance in that field, we are able to de­ter­mine their pres­ence, or even their breath­ing, even when there are no vi­bra­tions as­so­ci­ated with sound,” he ex­plained.

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