a sol­dier’s life

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1894

Born in Tripoli, Le­banon, un­der Ot­toman rule

1912

Grad­u­ates from the Mil­i­tary Col­lege, Is­tan­bul

1914-18

Fought on the Ot­toman side dur­ing the First World War

1920

After col­lapse of the Ot­toman em­pire in 1918, joins the Arab Army es­tab­lished by King Faysal in Syria. Faysal’s forces are de­feated by the French at the Bat­tle of Maysalun. Faysal is ex­pelled from Syria

1921

Joins the French army. Posted to the Hama gar­ri­son

1925

Dur­ing the Great Syr­ian Re­volt, Qawuqji mu­tinies and plays a prom­i­nent role in the up­ris­ing against the French

late 1920s

Be­comes an in­struc­tor in the Saudi Ara­bian army

early 1930s

Be­comes an in­struc­tor in the Iraqi Mil­i­tary Col­lege

1936

Leads an Arab vol­un­teer force into Pales­tine from Iraq dur­ing the re­bel­lion against the Bri­tish

1941

Leaves ex­ile in Kirkuk to join an Iraqi fight­ing force against the pro-Bri­tish Iraqi gov­ern­ment

1941-45

Spends the rest of the Sec­ond World War in Ger­many, after be­ing se­verely in­jured in Syria and flown to Ber­lin for treat­ment

1945

In­terred in a pri­son camp after the Rus­sians oc­cupy Ber­lin

1947

Es­capes Ber­lin for Paris

1947

Ap­pointed field com­man­der of the Arab Lib­er­a­tion Army and pre­pares for bat­tle in Pales­tine as Bri­tish plan with­drawal

1948

Arab Lib­er­a­tion Army en­ters Pales­tine and en­gages Jewish forces; even­tu­ally de­feated. Re­tires from pub­lic life

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