All About History

Why is Hollywood the home of the film industry?

- Jessica Thompson

While California offers warm weather and varied landscapes that can be used as sets, it didn’t have Thomas Edison. The New Jersey-based inventor ran a consortium of patent holders that monopolise­d everything needed to create and show movies. He would use the courts to prevent the unauthoris­ed use of everything from cameras to projectors.

However, these claims were harder to enforce in California. Not only were the judges less friendly to Edison there, but cross-continenta­l travel was expensive and cumbersome for federal marshals. This time lag was all the new Hollywood studios needed, as the consortium’s patents were expiring and the organisati­on was losing antitrust cases in the courts.

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