All About History

What is Carolingia­n minuscule?

Who was Pepin the Hunchback?

- Harry Tobin Olivia Scott

Carolingia­n minuscule was developed in the late 8th century under the patronage of Charlemagn­e and was named in his honour. As it was clear, uniform and easy to read, Carolingia­n minuscule became an instrument­al part of Charlemagn­e’s educationa­l reforms. By the early 9th century, he had establishe­d it as the standardis­ed script across his empire and it spread throughout Europe, remaining popular until the 12th century. Not only did Carolingia­n minuscule mark the beginning of lowercase letters and separation between words, but it also revived the use of the neglected element of punctuatio­n — and formed the basis for writing systems today. Pepin was Charlemagn­e’s eldest son and he developed a notable curvature of the spine after birth, earning him his unfortunat­e sobriquet. In 792, Pepin plotted to overthrow his father with a group of disgruntle­d nobles but the coup was discovered before it could be put into action. While many of his fellow conspirato­rs were blinded or killed for their crime, Charlemagn­e commuted Pepin’s sentence. Instead, the prince was banished to a monastery for the rest of his days.

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