Anita Garibaldi

The mum who fought in three revo­lu­tion­ary wars 1821-49

All About History - - DON’T CALL ME PRINCESS -

It’s a rare thing to find a woman who fights in a revo­lu­tion­ary war, and it’s rarer still to find one who fights in two. Rarest of all, one who fights in three. Yet Anita Garibaldi did just that – while preg­nant. A Brazil­ian woman mar­ried to an al­co­holic sol­dier, she had few prospects un­til Ital­ian revo­lu­tion­ary Giuseppe Garibaldi came to town. The bad boy of 1830s

Latin Amer­ica, Garibaldi aimed to rid Brazil of Por­tuguese rule and get help in wag­ing a sim­i­lar war for Italy’s in­de­pen­dence. The two im­me­di­ately caught each other’s eyes and be­fore long, Anita had left her hus­band and joined Garibaldi’s crew. Not con­tent to merely be a his­tor­i­cal plus one, she manned can­nons, fought raiders, pro­tected the horses, stole arms and marched through rain and snow, of­ten while car­ry­ing their chil­dren. She fought in wars to free Uruguay and Italy but even­tu­ally suc­cumbed to malaria dur­ing her fight. She went out in a blaze of glory: preg­nant with her fifth child, slash­ing at sol­diers on horse­back, rid­ing on with such fer­vour that one en­emy later re­marked, “Is that a woman or is it the devil?”

The Red Shirts, as Garibaldi’s armies were named, took their de­sign from Anita’s sewing

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