Choose the right lance
While size isn’t everything, in jousting it does count for a lot. In fact, one knight, Marx Walther, apparently liked to carry a ridiculously large lance with a young boy sat on it just to prove his strength before a tournament. A wiser choice for most would perhaps have been one of the following varieties of lance.
A. The heavy lance
This lance was typically around three metres long and made of solid ash wood 2.5 centimetres thick. It was designed for the shock of cavalry collisions on the battlefield.
A blunt, pronged crown placed on the tip of the lance, the coronal helped to catch the shield of the opponent and made unhorsing them easier. It also made penetrating armour less likely.
This hollow lance was used in jousts after 1500. Up to 3.6 metres long, it splintered easily on contact, making for much more dramatic but safer combats.
D. War lance
A heavy lance with a sharp metal tip designed to pierce armour, the war lance was known to be deadly if accurate contact was made with the opponent.