8th – 10th Century
This ancient Chinese sport is recognised by FIFA as the earliest form of football, though it likely evolved separately in Europe. Although cuju is first mentioned between the 3rd – 2nd century BCE, the pictured particular style of ball originated during the Tang dynasty. It is made of eight pieces of cuspate leather, and filled with air to replace the original design, which was just two pieces of leather stuffed with hair. Later on in the Song dynasty, the ball evolved again, with 12 pieces of leather and feather stuffing.
This is a replica of an eight piece ju (ball) used during the Tang and Song Dynasties