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Bombed for three hours by German pilots in league with Francisco Franco and his fascist forces, the Basque town of Guernica was left decimated by the attack. Considered one of the worst atrocities of the Spanish Civil War, it is believed to be the first deliberate attack against civilians from the air. It caused international outrage, particularly after journalist George Steer highlighted Germany’s involvement in his account published in The Times. Picasso immortalised the bombing in his painting ‘Guernica’.