CON­FLICT IN EUROPE

All About History - - SPAIN -

The bal­ance of power in Europe changed fol­low­ing the Thirty Years’ War. France suc­cess­fully chal­lenged Spain’s supremacy on the con­ti­nent, while the lat­ter also had to ac­cept the in­de­pen­dence of both Por­tu­gal and the Dutch Repub­lic.

Charles suf­fered from dis­abil­i­ties thanks to in­breed­ing amongst the Haps­burgs – his mother was also his fa­ther’s niece

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