The Eigth Army disintegrates
The Allied infantry continues to advance on the Ottoman Eighth Army, while its northerly retreat route is blocked by the rapid cavalry advance. Practically encircled, it is further harried by RAF raids. With many men killed, captured or fleeing the battlefield, effective resistance subsides, leaving the Seventh Army commanded by Mustafa Kemal (the future Turkish leader) desperately exposed. There is one avenue of retreat – east into the Jordan Valley.