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All About History - - WARS OF THE ROSES | RICHARD III AT WAR -

Ed­ward IV

By May 1471 Ed­ward had spent years fight­ing for and de­fend­ing his crown against the Lan­cas­tri­ans. Tewkes­bury was to be the fi­nal reck­on­ing for the throne of Eng­land.

Strengths Phys­i­cally im­pos­ing, highly ex­pe­ri­enced, un­de­feated in bat­tle Weak­nesses Ed­ward had only re­cently won the Bat­tle of Bar­net and had ex­haust­edly pur­sued the Lan­cas­tri­ans across the king­dom

york­ist Spear­men

Ed­ward IV hid a re­serve of 200 spear­men at Tewkes­bury to sur­prise the Lan­cas­tri­ans if they at­tacked.

Strengths Easy to hide, quick to de­ploy Weak­nesses De­signed to be de­ployed as a re­serve dur­ing an emer­gency

Ar­tillery

Can­nons played an in­creas­ingly im­por­tant part dur­ing the Wars of the Roses and York­ist guns had a sig­nif­i­cant im­pact on the Lan­cas­trian lines. Strengths Ca­pa­ble of fir­ing bar­rages with a sig­nif­i­cant psy­cho­log­i­cal im­pact Weak­nesses With some pro­jec­tiles weigh­ing up to sev­eral hun­dreds of pounds the can­nons were heavy, cum­ber­some and ex­tremely slow to load and fire

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