HOUSE Of LAN­CASTER

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All About History - - WARS OF THE ROSES | RICHARD III AT WAR -

Ed­mund Beau­fort

A diehard Lan­cas­trian, the Duke of Som­er­set had been im­pris­oned by the York­ists for sev­eral years be­fore es­cap­ing over­seas. He re­turned to Eng­land in 1470 to as­sist the restora­tion of Henry VI.

Strengths Loy­alty to the Lan­cas­trian dy­nasty, a favourite at the court of the duke of Bur­gundy Weak­nesses Mil­i­tar­ily ex­pe­ri­enced but fre­quently un­suc­cess­ful in bat­tle, par­tic­u­larly in com­mand

Lan­cas­trian Long­bow­men

Long­bow­men were a key fea­ture of ev­ery English army dur­ing the late me­dieval pe­riod and were used on both sides dur­ing the Wars of the Roses. Strengths Ex­tremely ac­cu­rate archery. Rapid loos­ing of ar­rows Weak­nesses Vul­ner­a­ble to op­pos­ing archers

Long­bow

The long­bow was Welsh in ori­gin and had been used to great ef­fect by the English dur­ing the Hun­dred Years’ War. Ev­ery English­man was re­quired to train on the long­bow from a young age, so archers were of­ten highly skilled. Strengths Cheap to pro­duce. Deadly against ar­moured in­fantry and cav­alry Weak­nesses Re­quired years of train­ing. Bow­strings were vul­ner­a­ble to rain­fall

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