04 The bat­tle is joined

All About History - - BATTLE OF GRAVELINES -

The English, now re­in­forced by the ships har­ry­ing the San Lorenzo at Calais, launch an at­tack on the right flank of the Span­ish Ar­mada, which had formed a cres­cent with its sup­ply ships pro­tected at the rear. The lighter English ships are eas­ily able to flank the slower Span­ish and get close enough to un­leash mus­ket vol­leys as well as can­non fire. Keep­ing the wind at their backs, the English po­si­tion them­selves so that the Span­ish hulls are raised to­wards them, ex­pos­ing the vul­ner­a­ble hull be­low the wa­ter­line.

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