RUS­SIAN REFUGEE CRI­SIS

All About History - - THROUGH HISTORY -

A 1923 pass­port is­sued in Bel­grade, cap­i­tal of the new King­dom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, for a pair of young Rus­sian refugees. Fol­low­ing the in­sta­bil­ity of the Bol­she­vik Revo­lu­tion and Rus­sian Civil War an es­ti­mated one to three mil­lion refugees – many of them the fam­i­lies of anti-com­mu­nist White of­fi­cers and in­tel­lec­tu­als seen as friendly to the old regime – ei­ther crossed the fluc­tu­at­ing bor­ders with the Baltic states and Poland, or across the Black Sea from Ukraine to Turkey. From there they crossed back into south east Europe through Greece and Bul­garia.

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