The wonders of Petra
1 Qasr al-bint
The ‘Palace of the Pharaoh’s Daughter’ is thought to have served as the city’s main temple. Worship of Nabataean deities Dushara and al-uzza is thought to have been centred here.
Petra’s largest monument, the ‘Monastery’ sits on a high plateau of Jebel ad-deir. It’s thought to have served as a temple-cenotaph commemorating King Obodas I.
3 Obelisk tomb
Named for the four obelisks that dominate its façade, the Obelisk tomb sits above the façade of the Bab el Siq Triclinium (a banqueting hall), which is believed to have been carved later.
4 The theatre
The theatre exactly follows Roman design rules but with the Nabataean architectural twist of the entire structure being hollowed out from a sheer rock face.
Archaeologists theorise that this was the mortuary temple of either King Aretas III or Aretas IV, built as a place to worship the sovereign as well as being his burial place.
6 Urn tomb
The multi-level Urn Tomb is the first of five façades (known together as the Royal Tombs) that loom over Petra’s colonnaded street from a ledge cut into Jebel al-khubta.