The won­ders of Pe­tra

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1 Qasr al-bint

The ‘Palace of the Pharaoh’s Daugh­ter’ is thought to have served as the city’s main tem­ple. Wor­ship of Na­bataean deities Dushara and al-uzza is thought to have been cen­tred here.

2 Ad-deir

Pe­tra’s largest mon­u­ment, the ‘Monastery’ sits on a high plateau of Jebel ad-deir. It’s thought to have served as a tem­ple-ceno­taph com­mem­o­rat­ing King Obo­das I.

3 Obelisk tomb

Named for the four obelisks that dom­i­nate its façade, the Obelisk tomb sits above the façade of the Bab el Siq Tri­clin­ium (a ban­quet­ing hall), which is be­lieved to have been carved later.

4 The the­atre

The the­atre ex­actly fol­lows Ro­man de­sign rules but with the Na­bataean ar­chi­tec­tural twist of the en­tire struc­ture be­ing hol­lowed out from a sheer rock face.

5 Al-khazneh

Ar­chae­ol­o­gists the­o­rise that this was the mor­tu­ary tem­ple of ei­ther King Are­tas III or Are­tas IV, built as a place to wor­ship the sov­er­eign as well as be­ing his burial place.

6 Urn tomb

The multi-level Urn Tomb is the first of five façades (known to­gether as the Royal Tombs) that loom over Pe­tra’s colon­naded street from a ledge cut into Jebel al-khubta.

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