All About History
turkish/greek Muslim Mystic 1359-1420
Sheikh Bedreddin’s radical mysticism favoured panthiesm in the vein of Ibn al ‘Arabi. His insistence on unity of all things meant that all religions preach the same message, that spiritual and physical were inseparable, and even that all property should be communal. His revolt in 1416 was crushed by Bayezid Pasha, but had long-lasting ideological and political consequences. The Ottomans were forced away from a ‘Muslim’ identity and more towards an ‘Ottoman’ identity that leaned towards assimilating minorities. His teachings lived on through Sufi orders like the Bektashis, and he was championed by modern Leftists.