All About Space - - Nasa At 60 -

8 NASA re­turned to Mars in 1976 with Vik­ing, a pair of probes de­signed to both or­bit and pho­to­graph the planet, and this time to land. The USSR beat the Amer­i­cans in land­ing a probe on an­other planet, hav­ing put Ven­era 3 on Venus in 1966.

Data from Mars was valu­able, and Vik­ing even car­ried ex­per­i­ments to look for life. While rovers ex­plored the sur­face Vik­ing’s two or­biters con­tin­ued their work above, tak­ing more pho­tos and act­ing as com­mu­ni­ca­tions re­lays for the lan­ders.

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