All About Space - - Sci-fi Tech -

The idea be­hind ‘beam­ing’ some­one up was that a per­son could be bro­ken down into an en­ergy form, re­ferred to as de­ma­te­ri­al­i­sa­tion, and then con­verted back into mat­ter at their des­ti­na­tion, also re­ferred to as re­ma­te­ri­al­i­sa­tion. Trans­port­ing peo­ple onto the USS En­ter­prise has been around since the very be­gin­ning of the Star Trek series, with the trans­porter fea­tur­ing in the pi­lot episode of Star Trek: The Orig­i­nal Series, The Cage.

Sci­en­tists can cur­rently tele­port balls of en­ergy known as pho­tons. It is not the same mech­a­nism used in Star Trek; tele­por­ta­tion in this case is based on a quan­tum me­chan­ics phe­nom­e­non known as ‘quan­tum en­tan­gle­ment’. Sci­en­tists can cre­ate two pho­tons with un­known states, also known as be­ing en­tan­gled, which can be shot off in dif­fer­ent direc­tions. Once one pho­ton has its state re­vealed, the other one si­mul­ta­ne­ously switches into the op­po­site state, re­gard­less of dis­tance. This in­for­ma­tion given to the other pho­ton in order to change state hap­pens at least 10,000 times faster than the speed of light.

The trans­porter is an iconic fea­ture of the orig­i­nal Star Trek series

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