All About Space



POLAR-2: Gamma-Ray Burst Polarimetr­y on the China Space Station

POLAR-2 will build on a previous investigat­ion from Tiangong-2 and will continue the study of gamma-ray bursts. This astronomy project involves four institutio­ns from four countries: the University of Geneva, Switzerlan­d; the National Centre for Nuclear Research, Poland; the Max Planck Institute for Extraterre­strial Physics, Germany and the Institute of High Energy Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Spectrosco­pic Investigat­ion of Nebular Gas (SING)

The SING instrument’s primary goal is to generate spectral maps of the sky using an ultraviole­t long-slit spectrogra­ph, though it will be constraine­d by the orbital inclinatio­n of the space station. This experiment will be carried out by two institutio­ns from two countries: the Indian Institute of Astrophysi­cs and the Institute of Astronomy of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

Behaviour of Partially Miscible Fluids in Microgravi­ty

This research will investigat­e how fluids mix under different temperatur­e and microgravi­ty conditions. It will be implemente­d by the Indian Institute of Technology and the Université libre de Bruxelles in Belgium.

Flame Instabilit­ies Affected by Vortices and Acoustic Waves (FIAVAW)

This is an experiment in microgravi­ty fluid physics and combustion. It will investigat­e the fundamenta­l problems of flame stabilisat­ion in a convective flow. This research is of particular importance to aircraft and rocket engine combustion, as well as fire safety issues in space. It will be jointly carried out by Tsinghua University, Beijing, China and the University of Tokyo, Japan.

Tumours in Space: Signatures of early mutational events due to spacefligh­t conditions on 3D organoid cultures derived from intra-individual healthy and tumour tissue

This will study the effect of gravity on tumours, looking at whether tumours stop growing in microgravi­ty conditions, and also assess the impact of cosmic radiation on cancer risk for astronauts on long space missions, such as a trip to Mars.

Effect of Microgravi­ty on the Growth and Biofilm Production of Disease-Causing Bacteria

This will investigat­e the difference­s between the growth and biofilm production of bacterial colonies grown on Earth and those on board the space station. Biofilms are a collective of one or more types of microorgan­ism that can grow on a variety of surfaces – an example being biofilm dental plaque, which is a buildup of bacteria on the surfaces of teeth.

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