COMPLETE GUIDE TO 10,000m
THE LATEST PART OF OUR SERIES LOOKS AT A STATISTICAL SUMMARY OF THE 25-LAP ENDURANCE RACE
THE 10,000m was first run in the Olympics in 1912 and Finland is the most successful nation, winning seven golds with Ethiopia on five. They have also won nine men’s golds in the World Championships.
10,000m STAR: HAILE GEBRSELASSIE
SIX fantastic athletes have won double Olympic gold – Paavo Nurmi, Emil Zatopek, Lasse Viren, Haile Gebrselassie, Kenenisa Bekele and Mo Farah. All bar Farah set world records and Gebrselassie and Bekele won four world titles to Farah’s three and one near miss.
In the end it is close between the two Ethiopians, but the older athlete gets it with two other world medals and a greater impact on the event in terms of records.
Gebrselassie won the first of his global golds in 1993 when he outkicked Moses Tanui, incurring the wrath of the Kenyan by repeatedly stepping on his shoes.
In 1995, when the world record was 26:52.23, the Ethiopian reduced it to 26:43.53 and retained his world title with a 25.1 last 200m which was quicker than two-lap champion Wilson Kipketer achieved in a slow run 800m final at the same championships!
In 1996 he lost his world record but more importantly gained an Olympic gold outsprinting Paul Tergat. In 1997 he regained his world record, then retained his world title, kicking hard from 500m out to beat Tergat. The Kenyan did break his record shortly after but Gebrselassie regained it in 1998 as his 26:22.75 was just under 30 seconds better than before the Ethiopian started his record-breaking.
The domination continued in 1999 as Gebrselassie’s 54.37 last lap again saw off Tergat. It was the same story in the Sydney Olympics as in one of the great races of alltime, he edged past Tergat in the final stride to win by nine hundredths of a second.
He was never the same thereafter with injury taking its toll, but he won 2001 world bronze and 2003 world silver.
The best race: European Championships, Helsinki 1971
AT the AAA Championships race on a hot day and dusty track at Portsmouth, Dave Bedford had shattered the European record with 27:47.0. A few months later, he was an overwhelming favourite for the Europeans with none of his competitors having broken 28 minutes.
Bedford predictably went to the front and set a fast pace opening with a 2:43.2 first kilometre and through 2000m in 5:26.6.
The 3000m time of 8:15.0 was well inside world record pace but the pace slowed slightly and the Briton led through halfway in 13:54.4. Despite his surges and fast pace, five other athletes were in contention through the second half and a desperate Bedford was still ahead at the bell, after passing 9000m in 25:19.4.
On the last lap, much to the delight of a large wildly enthusiastic home crowd, Juha Vaatainen went into a flat-out sprint and was followed closely by defending champion Jurgen Haase. Covering the last lap in an unprecedented 53 seconds, the Finn won in 27:52.8 to go third all-time just ahead of Haase. The top five set national records and all went into the all-time top seven. Altogether there were 10 national records as Bedford finished a disappointing sixth.
Result: 1 Juha Vaatainen (FIN) 27:52.8; 2 Jurgen Haase (GDR) 27:53.6; 3 Rashid Sharafetdinov (URS) 27:56.4; 4 Daniel Korica (YUG) 27:58.4; 5 Mariano Haro (ESP) 27:59.4; 6 Dave Bedford (GBR) 28:04.4; 7 Mike Tagg (GBR) 28:14.8; 8 Seppo Tuominen (FIN) 28:18.0; 9 Manfred Letzerich (FRG) 28:21.0; 10 Noel Tijou (FRA) 28:21.8
List of champions
Olympic (2016) Mo Farah (GBR) 27:05.17 World (2017) Mo Farah (GBR) 26:49.51
Europe Morhad Amdouni (FRA) 28:11.22 Commonwealth Joshua Cheptegei (UGA) 27:19.62 World U20 Rhonex Kipruto (KEN) 27:21.08 British Alex Yee (Kent) 27:51.94
English Ollie Lockley (Manx) 29:54.55 Scotland Lachlan Oates (Shett) 29:48.80 Wales Matt Rees (Swan) 32:28.0
• 2018 unless stated
World Kenenisa Bekele (ETH) 26:17.53 Olympic Kenenisa Bekele (ETH) 27:01.17 World CBP Kenenisa Bekele (ETH) 26:46.31 Commonwealth Paul Tergat (KEN) 26:27.85 Europe/British Mo Farah (N&EB) 26:46.57
British U20 Jon Brown (Sheff) 29:21.9
World teenage records
Some of the IAAF listed and African marks have been discounted and these include Davis Kiplangat’s 29:04.0 at age 14 and Jacob Kiplimo’s 27:26.68 at 15. With all African marks aged 15 ignored, the next best is Laurie Reilly’s 31:19.8, which is slower than the women’s equivalent! However, the 2011 world champion Ibrahim Jeilan’s marks have been included but are questionable. 13 33:39.5 Dalibor Balgac (CRO) 1991 14 32:04.4 Hans Segerfeldt (SWE) 1975 15 31:19.8 Laurie Reilly (GBR) 1970 16 27:15.90 Ibrahim Jeilan (ETH) 2006 17 27:02.81 Ibrahim Jeilan (ETH) 2006 18 26:41.75 Samuel Wanjiru (KEN) 2005 19 26:30.03 Nicholas Kemboi (KEN) 2003
Doha 2019 prediction
For the first time since 2011, Mo Farah will not be favourite for a global 25-lapper and will probably be absent though he may return for this championship. Cheptegei, his runner-up in London, looks the best of the rest with Kamworor the best of the Kenyans.
Winning time: 27:30.23
1 Joshua Cheptegei (UGA); 2 Geoffrey Kamworor (KEN); 3 Rhonex Kipruto (KEN); 4 Paul Tanui (KEN); 5 Jacob Kiplimo (UGA); 5; 6 Mo Ahmed (CAN); 7 Muktar Edris (ETH); 8 Jemal Yimer (ETH)
THE first women’s Olympic 10,000m was only in 1988 and there have been five Ethiopian golds. This event made its debut at the IAAF World Championships in 1987 and Ethiopia have won seven golds.
10,000m STAR: TIRUNESH DIBABA
WHILE her 5000m record is comparative to that of Meseret Defar, at 25 laps Dibaba stands out alone. Her first ever loss came in 2016 at Hengelo, 11 years after her 30:15.67 debut in Sollentuna in 2005.
She has won three Olympic medals, two of them gold and also won three world titles and silver medal.
Her first world title came in Helsinki in 2005 where Paula Radcliffe set the pace, but the last lap was an all-Ethiopian affair with Dibaba blasting a 58.4 last lap.
She retained her title in 2007 with a 60.11 last lap. With runner-up Elvan Abeylegesse’s drugs disqualification, the winning margin was eventually six seconds.
The Turkish drugs cheat was her only real opposition in the 2008 Olympics as Dibaba ran a then huge PB 29:54.66 to initially win by just over a second which became 27 seconds when Abeylegesse was removed.
Dibaba was absent for the next two world championships but returned to easily win the 2012 Olympics with another fast kick, but this time only needing a 62.0 final circuit.
In the World Championships of 2013 in Moscow it was gold yet again as she ran a sub-60 last lap. She missed the 2015 worlds but returned for the 2016 Olympics and set a brilliant PB of 29:42.56 but that was only good enough for third as Almaz Ayana broke the world record.
Ayana was also too good for her in the London World Championships in 2017, winning by 46 seconds but Dibaba picked up her fourth world medal despite now focussing more on marathon training, having run 2:17:56.
She remains surprisingly the only athlete who has broken 30 minutes on more than one occasion.
World/Olympic Almaz Ayana (ETH) 29:17.45 World CBP Berhane Adere (ETH) 30:04.18 Commonwealth Vivian Cheruiyot (KEN) 29:32.53 Europe/British Paula Radcliffe (Bed) 30:01.19 British U20: Charlotte Purdue (AFD) 32:36.75
Haile Gebrselassie: beating Paul Tergat in an unforgettable race at the Sydney Olympics in 2000
Gordon Porteous: still holds UK and world agegroup records
Ibrahim Jeilan (236): age records
Tirunesh Dibaba: follows the disgraced Elvan Abeylegesse
Almaz Ayana: Olympic champion