BBC History Magazine - - Books / Interview -

Born in 1157 to Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine, Richard I ‘the Lionheart’ suc­ceeded his fa­ther as king of Eng­land, and also ruled over much of what we to­day know as France. His decade-long reign was char­ac­terised by his in­volve­ment in the Third Cru­sade, of which he was a key Chris­tian com­man­der. Span­ning three years (1189-92), the cru­sade aimed to re­take Jerusalem from the Mus­lim leader Sal­adin. De­spite be­ing ul­ti­mately un­suc­cess­ful in this goal, the cam­paign led to the re­cap­ture of the ports of Acre and Jaffa. Richard’s role in the mil­i­tary ef­fort has led to him of­ten be­ing seen as a heroic, al­most mythic fig­ure.

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