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An early first-century AD gilded horse head, which was once part of a statue of Emperor Augustus, has gone on public display in Germany for the first time. Discovered in 2009, close to modern-day Frankfurt, the remains of the sculpture and other associated finds have thrown new light on the relationship between the Romans and German ‘barbarians’. The artefacts indicate the presence of a Roman settlement in the region at a time when historians previously believed Rome intended to subdue the Germanic tribes with military force. The evidence implies that the Romans lived next to and traded with these tribes for a number of years.