Four ways in which the Romans and the Celts differed
ROMANS The Romans had a distinct pantheon of deities. Religion was part of daily life in Rome and each home had a household shrine. A Roman copy of a Greek bronze of Artemis, the Diana of Versailles, shows how deities were shared across cultures Many languages were spoken in the Roman empire, but Latin was the official language of administration and writing. The Roman (Mediterranean) diet was based on wine and oil. Cereals were widely eaten, but the wealthy had access to a wide range of meats, fishes, vegetables and fruits. The Romans used many ingredients familiar in modern Italian cuisine, ranging from olives to carrots to figs. A first-century AD Roman fresco shows a basket of figs Roman dress varied considerably with status and occupation, but generally involved loose-fitting clothing, as befits a hot climate. CELTS The Gauls and Britons also had many gods. However, broadly speaking, they were divided into two types: deities of the Earth, usually female and often associated with springs; and tribal deities, often of the sky and usually male. A detail from the Gundestrup cauldron, believed to date from around the first century BC and transported to Denmark as plunder, shows a Celtic goddess The Gauls and Britons spoke various dialects of Celtic, although the Belgae of northern Gaul, and possibly some of the people of eastern Britain, may also have spoken a Germanic language. The diet of Gauls and Britons was based on beer and milk. They also ate cereal and tucked into meat as a supplement, particularly at feasts. This meat included game such as deer and wild boar, but they also slaughtered domesticated animals. The Gauls and Britons probably wore tighter-fitting clothes, including trousers that were tied with leather belts and shirts that were similar to tunics.