Spot marvellous murmurations across Europe
Our pick of other locations with impressive pre-roost displays.
Every autumn, up to 800,000 migrating starlings gather in Wadden Sea National Park. Numbers peak between the end of September and mid-October. Known locally as the ‘black sun’ the pre-roost murmurations attract as many as 100,000 human admirers a year.
Starlings gather in several conurbations across southern France. One such example is the picture-postcard city of Avignon, where prime viewing can be had from the platforms of its railway station. The congregation here numbers at least 130,000.
Several Dutch cities host winter sleepovers of starlings. One such city is Utrecht, where the birds favour the districts of Kanaleneiland and Rivierenbuurt. The gatherings attract the attention of peregrines.
The second largest wetland in Catalonia is Aiguamolls de l’Empordà Natural Park. In winter, around 150,000 starlings use the reserve as a roost site. A good location from which to view the spectacle is the campsite at Castell Mar.
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In the UK, large flocks of starlings roost along the Brighton and Hove seafront in winter.