Kaziranga NP Assam, India
Population of Assam in 1970: 15 million Population today: 35 million Projected population in 2030 43 million
Kaziranga is one of the few remaining places where the Indian one-horned rhino ( below) still survives in any great number. But the park, formalised in 1974, is under increasing pressure from human activity in the surrounding area. Stone quarrying, the Numaligarh oil refinery, encroachment by settlers, bamboo harvesting, illegal timber industry, tea plantations and soil erosion are all adversely affecting biodiversity.