What eats moles?
Moles are solitary mammals, known for excavating networks of tunnels underground. While they are sometimes taken by weasels within these passageways, they are usually caught when venturing to the surface, by a range of predators, including foxes, tawny owls and stoats, as well as cats and dogs.
Adults surface when they need to collect vegetation for their nests, while juveniles surface in early summer when ready to disperse in search of their own territories. Moles can also be driven above ground by extreme weather – drought affects the availability of earthworms in the soil, forcing moles to head upwards to hunt; heavy rain can inundate their subterranean realm, potentially exposing the moles to new threats, such as grey herons or even pike, as they move to safety. Laurie Jackson
Moles foraging in surface tunnels are vulnerable to predators – especially foxes, who dig them out.