Can dead jel­ly­fish sting?

BBC Wildlife Magazine - - CONTENTS - Pr­erna Bin­dra

In­dia

is the only coun­try in the world that is cur­rently home to both of these charis­matic big cats, and his­tory and bi­ol­ogy say they can in­deed co-ex­ist. The fe­lines’ ranges over­lapped for mil­len­nia across much of western Asia – in In­dia, this was the case into the early 19th cen­tury.

Much as preda­tors co-ex­ist in Africa, tigers and li­ons can live to­gether within care­fully drawn bound­aries. For ex­am­ple, they may use ad­join­ing habi­tats, or the same habi­tats at dif­fer­ent times. Be­havioural adap­ta­tion is an­other strat­egy, par­tic­u­larly when it comes to hunt­ing: tigers are largely noc­tur­nal and soli­tary preda­tors, killing prey by am­bush, while li­ons are so­cial fe­lids, hunt­ing co-op­er­a­tively with their prides.

The ques­tion of li­ons and tigers as neigh­bours is gain­ing im­por­tance in In­dia. The Kuno Palpur Sanc­tu­ary in Mad­hya Pradesh has been ‘pre­pared’ and is await­ing translo­ca­tion of a num­ber of Asi­atic li­ons, which sur­vive only in the greater Gir land­scape in Gu­jarat, western In­dia. In the mean­time, tigers are mov­ing into Kuno from the fa­mous Ran­thamb­hore Re­serve, cross­ing rivers and ravines along the way.

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