On this day
1497: Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama set sail from Lisbon with four vessels in search of a sea route to India.
1822: Percy Bysshe Shelley, English poet, was drowned in Italy while sailing his small schooner Ariel to his home on the Gulf of Spezia.
1884: The National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children was founded.
1889: John L Sullivan defeated Jake Kilrain in Mississippi after 75 rounds – the last bare-knuckle heavyweight title contest.
1918: National Savings stamps went on sale in Britain.
1961: The first all-England women’s singles final took place at Wimbledon between Christine Truman and Angela Mortimer, who won in three sets.
1965: Ronald Biggs, one of the Great Train Robbers, scaled the wall of Wandsworth Prison with a rope ladder and escaped. He had served 15 months of his sentence. He eventually settled in Brazil.
2014: Germany beat Brazil 7-1 in a major home defeat for Brazil in the FIFA World Cup semifinals