TOM HORTON

Traces the key mo­ments in the First World War

Burton Mail - - Sport -

Arch Duke Franz Fer­di­nand, the heir to the Aus­tri­aHun­gar­ian throne, is shot dead in Sara­jevo by a po­lit­i­cal dis­si­dent.

Aus­tria-Hun­gary sends troops to the Ser­bian bor­der.

Ser­bia and Rus­sia mo­bilise their armies. Ger­many de­clares war on France. Bri­tain de­clares war on Ger­many af­ter they in­vade Bel­gium. USA de­clares neu­tral­ity. A Royal Navy cruiser is sunk by Ger­man mines in the North Sea, killing 150 men and in­flict­ing the first ca­su­al­ties on Bri­tain. First mem­bers of the British Ex­pe­di­tionary Force ar­rive in France to as­sist with the land cam­paign. Lord Kitch­ener makes his first call for more men to en­list in the mil­i­tary. De­fence of the Realm Act (DORA) gives the UK gov­ern­ment sweep­ing pow­ers to sup­press pub­lic crit­i­cism and im­prison peo­ple with­out trial in or­der to aid the war ef­fort. Ja­pan de­clares war on Ger­many and British Army troops see their first land ac­tion in the Bat­tle of Mons. First bat­tle of Ypres be­gins as Al­lied and Ger­man troops at­tempt to reach sea ports in Bel­gium. Bri­tain and the Ot­toman Empire de­clare war on each other. Ger­man bat­tle­ships bom­bard Hartle­pool, Whitby and Scar­bor­ough, killing 137 civil­ians. The first Zep­pelin raid on Lon­don kills seven peo­ple. Bat­tle of Loos be­gins and the British forces use gas for the first time, how­ever wind blows it back onto their own troops, killing seven and in­jur­ing 2,625. The third day of the Bat­tle of Loos sees the high­est British death toll of any bat­tle so far, with 8,246 men be­ing killed. Bat­tle of Ver­dun, which causes al­most a mil­lion ca­su­al­ties over 10 months, be­gins. The Bat­tle of Jut­land be­gins be­tween Ger­man and Royal Navy fleets of dread­noughts. Nei­ther side claims de­ci­sive vic­tory and no other naval bat­tles are fought for the rest of the war. Ger­man U-boat tor­pe­does British pas­sen­ger liner Lusi­ta­nia, pic­tured below, drown­ing al­most 1,200 peo­ple in­clud­ing many chil­dren. Right: A sailor pays his re­spects to vic­tims.

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