On this day
1789: The Bastille, the state prison in Paris, was stormed by the citizens of Paris and burned to the ground at the start of the French Revolution.
1858: Suffragette Emmeline Pankhurst (pictured below) was born in Manchester.
1867: Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel first demonstrated the use of dynamite.
1888: The first record company, the North American Phonograph Company, was founded in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, by businessman Jesse L Lippincott.
1902: The Campanile of St Mark’s Cathedral in Venice collapsed during a safety inspection.
1940: The Soviet Union annexed Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
1946: Dr Benjamin Spock’s famous baby bible – Baby And Child Care – was published, and became a bestseller. Twentyeight years later he said he no longer supported his own theories.
1958: King Faisal of Iraq was assassinated in a military coup led by General Kassem, and a republic was established.
1959: Grock, described as the “greatest clown on earth”, died in Italy.
1967: Parliament voted to legalise abortion.
2019: Extinction Rebellion was set to start protests in UK cities, with a week long “summer uprising” in Bristol, Cardiff, Leeds, Glasgow and London.