Car Mechanics (UK)
1 DRAIN TRAY Old engine oil is messy, so an old washing-up bowl, roasting tin or a purpose-made drain tray are ideal for collecting the oil. The oil must be recycled at a council tip or recycling centre, so pour the oil into an old oil can or similar for disposal.
2 FILTER WRENCH There are several tools you can use to undo a spin-on oil filter, including a bike-chain or strap or a three-pronged device, all of which enable the filter to be released. If space is tight, then an end cup may help (see below).
3 FILTER CUPS A selection of oil filter cups can help to undo the majority of spin-on oil filters. The cup sits on the end of the filter, which is easier than using a filter wrench, especially if space around the filter is limited.
4 LARGE SOCKET For an oil filter that’s contained in a canister, a large socket may be required to release and unscrew the canister. The end of the canister usually has a large hexagonshaped end (27-36mm), enabling it to be undone. Dedicated shallow sockets of various sizes can usually be bought, to help if space is limited.
5 TORQUE WRENCH Oil filter canisters and sump drain plugs will need to be tightened to a specific torque setting. This is often not very tight: 25Nm for canisters and 30-40Nm for sump plugs.
6 SOCKETS or SPANNERS Most engine oil sump drain plugs have a hexagonal head, which can be undone with a spanner or socket. Some have an Allen key-shaped insert, so a socket with an Allen key bit will be needed to undo it.
7 BAG of SAND or SPILL PRODUCTS Expect a disaster once in a while when renewing oil, so have a plan of action if old or fresh oil is spilt over your driveway or garage floor. The cheapest solution is to buy a bag of sand, which can soak up oil spills. Several tool companies sell spill kits to help clean up fluids.
8 FUNNEL & JUG Pouring fresh engine oil into the engine can turn into a disaster if the oil spills while being poured, so find or buy a funnel and keep it clean. A measuring jug can also help to ensure the correct volume of oil is poured into the engine.