Classic Trial - - CONTENTS - Words: John Hulme with sup­port from Charly De­math­ieu, John Mof­fat and Mor­tons Ar­chive Pic­tures: The Nick Nicholls Col­lec­tion at Mor­tons Ar­chive, Le­je­une Fam­ily Col­lec­tion, Mal­colm Car­ling, Brian Holder, Mo­to­ci­clismo Mag­a­zine, Bul­taco, Justyn Norek, Heinz

1964 – 1975

With the sport of mo­tor­cy­cle tri­als orig­i­nat­ing around the turn of the 20th cen­tury, Great Bri­tain as a coun­try can quite proudly claim to be the home of the sport, but what about the world tri­als cham­pi­onship? It has been on my mind for quite a while now to delve into the start of the Trial World Cham­pi­onship as we know it today, but where did it all be­gin? Af­ter my re­cent trip to the Bel­gian world round at Com­plain Au Pont, I spoke with my good friend Charly De­math­ieu who is the premier cus­to­dian of all mo­tor­cy­cle tri­als statis­tics. It was the Bel­gian mo­tor­cy­cle en­thu­si­ast by the name of Henry Groutars who was be­hind the recog­ni­tion of the sport of tri­als as we know it today in the world cham­pi­onship.

With the war years having a sup­pres­sive ef­fect on the world of mo­tor­cy­cle sport it started to come back to life in the fifties, giv­ing the work­ing class a mo­tor­sport in which they could com­pete that was rel­a­tively in­ex­pen­sive. Army sur­plus and road-go­ing ma­chines could be quickly, and cheaply, adapted into tri­als mod­els and, as the say­ing goes, the rest is his­tory. Look­ing at de­vel­op­ing new mar­kets the proud man­u­fac­tur­ing in­dus­try of mo­tor­cy­cles in Great Bri­tain looked fur­ther afield to open and ex­pand new mar­kets, and Europe in par­tic­u­lar to in­crease sales.

Across the chan­nel

Travel as we know it today was not as easy in the six­ties as it all re­lied on cross-chan­nel fer­ries into Europe. Many mo­tocross, road race and speed­way rid­ers made reg­u­lar trips to Europe, and soon the tri­als rid­ers would fol­low. Start and prize money could be earned, and soon the pub­lic wanted to see the great tri­als rider they had all heard about, Sammy Miller, in ac­tion on his equally fa­mous Ariel HT5. Miller was one of the pi­o­neer tri­als rid­ers to ex­plore Europe, and soon oth­ers would fol­low. Great events had emerged such as the Bel­gian ‘Lam­borelle Trial’ and in France the ‘Saint Cu­cufa’ and ‘Cla­mart’ events. Thou­sands of spectators, some­times as many as 20,000, would turn out to watch the Euro­pean tri­als com­pe­ti­tions, such was the ex­cite­ment.

Henry Groutars was a Bel­gian tri­als rider and quite a char­ac­ter by all ac­counts. Tales would come to life from his fel­low friends and com­peti­tors of his ex­ploits dur­ing the Sec­ond World War as he or­gan­ised mo­tor­cy­cle tri­als. With the Ger­man oc­cu­pa­tion forces busy try­ing to win the war to no avail, he would find any mo­tor­cy­cle he could; as long as it had two wheels and would run, you had a trial on! He would speak with his friends and ar­range to ‘bor­row’ from the Ger­man mil­i­tary a BMW or Zun­dapp ma­chine, and in turn, 10 to 15 of them would plot out a small course and take it in turns to ne­go­ti­ate it as fast as pos­si­ble, one rider at a time! With so much en­thu­si­asm for the sport Henry was elected as the FIM Vice-Pres­i­dent, a po­si­tion he would hold for many years.

On the 4th April 1961, Henry Groutars passed away, but he had planted the seed in the minds of the govern­ing body, the FIM, that to progress the sport mo­tor­cy­cle tri­als needed a Euro­pean Cham­pi­onship. It would bring rid­ers from all over Europe to meet and com­pete against one an­other. For the man­u­fac­tur­ers, it was an ideal ex­port op­por­tu­nity to give their prod­ucts ex­po­sure and be able to prove them in the com­pet­i­tive world of mo­tor­cy­cle tri­als.

The first event

To en­cour­age rep­re­sen­ta­tion of a coun­try, the FIM in­sisted that it should be run as a three­man team com­pe­ti­tion. They ar­gued that it would en­cour­age rid­ers to travel to­gether to keep the costs of trav­el­ling low. Man­u­fac­tur­ers could en­ter a team of rid­ers all mounted on the same make of ma­chine.

The rule for mark­ing the rid­ers was the next prob­lem. In many of the Euro­pean com­pe­ti­tions, the mark­ing sys­tem was the op­po­site of what it is today. You would be awarded five marks for a clean so that the rider with the high­est num­ber of points would be the win­ner, not the one los­ing the least.

The RAC Na­mur Club in Bel­gium was to host the first round of the new Euro­pean cham­pi­onship. It would be the seventh running of the ‘Trial DeLa Fotress’ com­pe­ti­tion which would for­mally open the fledgeling se­ries. At its yearly meet­ing to for­malise rules and reg­u­la­tions for mo­tor­sport, the FIM re­mained fo­cussed on the ‘Team’ em­pha­sis de­spite strong op­po­si­tion from oth­ers, in­clud­ing the ACU, to make it an in­di­vid­ual cham­pi­onship. The argument from the op­po­si­tion was that they al­ready had the In­ter­na­tional Six Days Trial which was a team event.

With the event ready to roll, all the sec­tions marked out and the route mark­ing in place, the RAC Na­mur Club members were having a beer in their club­house when they re­ceived a tele­gram mes­sage di­rect from the FIM. A large cheer went up as, at the very last minute, they’d had a change of mind; it would run as an in­di­vid­ual rider com­pe­ti­tion and not as a team event.

The new Euro­pean Cham­pi­onship would be con­tested over five rounds and, in recog­ni­tion of his great ef­forts to get the se­ries off the ground, the win­ner would take a new tro­phy, the ‘Chal­lenge Henry Groutars’ Tro­phy.

A uni­fi­ca­tion of tri­als

It was a cold, damp Sun­day in Bel­gium on the 16th Fe­bru­ary 1964 when the start flag was dropped to send the first rider of the new cham­pi­onship in the Trial De La Fotress on his way. The Clerk of the Course, Alex Colin, had used all his experience as a win­ner of a Gold medal at the ISDT to plot out a good day’s sport for all to en­joy. The course would con­sist of a 66-mile course tak­ing in 42 haz­ards!

Don Smith had per­suaded Greeves to send him and Mary Driver, the only fe­male com­peti­tor in the event, to com­pete, and maybe Smith did not take the op­po­si­tion as se­ri­ously as he should have done, as was re­ported in the press at the time. Smith had first started to com­pete in Euro­pean tri­als in the early 1960s and loved the ‘party’ at­mos­phere that sur­rounded them and used it as a good pro­mo­tional op­por­tu­nity for his em­ployer, Greeves mo­tor­cy­cles. The re­sult in­deed threw up some sur­prises as he was pushed down to third po­si­tion be­hind Ger­man Gustav Franke (250cc Zun­dapp) and a fu­ture world mo­tocross cham­pion Bel­gian Roger De Coster (125cc Gil­era). Mary Driver had done her­self proud by fin­ish­ing in a very re­spectable 21st po­si­tion from an en­try of 70 rid­ers with 20 re­tire­ments.

Re­sults from the Trial DeLa Fotress Bel­gium

RE­SULTS: 1: Gustav Franke (250cc Zun­dapp-DEU) 14; 2: Roger De Coster (125cc Gil­era-BEL) 16; 3: Don Smith (Greeves-GBR) 18; 4: Roger Van­der­becken (Tri­umph-BEL) 21; 5: An­dreas Brandl (Zun­dapp-DEU) 29; 6: Jacky Ickx (Zun­dapp-BEL) 35.

The Chal­lenge Henry Groutars Tro­phy

In the modern era where the tri­als se­ries is now ti­tled the Trial World Cham­pi­onship, the ac­co­lade of the first win­ner of this Cham­pi­onship ti­tle in 1964 was Don Smith on the Greeves. Win­ning two rounds in France and Ger­many, he out­pointed Gustav Franke for the cham­pi­onship win.

Ger­man rider Franke took the ti­tle in 1965 as Smith dropped to eighth with his fel­low Greeves team rider Bill Wilkin­son the high­est placed Bri­tish rider in fifth po­si­tion. Franke won again in 1966 be­fore Smith turned the ta­bles on his Ger­man ri­val in 1967 win­ning the Swiss and Bel­gian round, tak­ing the last Chal­lenge Henry Groutars Tro­phy.

1965: Chal­lenge Henry Groutars Tro­phy

RE­SULTS: 1: Gustav Franke Zun­dapp-DEU) 50; 2: An­dreas Brandl (Zun­dapp-DEU) 35; 3: Gunter Sengfelder (Zun­dapp-DEU) 32; 4: Jacky Ickx (Zun­dap­pBEL) 27; 5: Bill Wilkin­son (Greeves-GBR) 23; 6: Gin­ger Siegfried (Zun­dapp-BEL) 22; 7: Al­fred Lehner (Zun­dapp-DEU) 20; 8: Don Smith (Greeves-GBR) 19; 9: Claude Vanste­na­gen (Greeves-BEL) 18; 10: Don­ald

Hitch­cock (Greeves-GBR) 17; 11: Roger Van­der­becken (Tri­umph-BEL) 17; 12: Jim San­di­ford (Greeves-GBR) 14; 13: Ken Sed­g­ley (DOT-GBR) 13; 14: Mur­ray Brush (Greeves-GBR) 12; 15: John Roberts (Greeves-GBR) 12.

1966: Chal­lenge Henry Groutars Tro­phy

RE­SULTS: 1: Gustav Franke Zun­dapp-DEU) 55; 2: Don Smith (Greeves-GBR) 47; 3: Sammy Miller (Bul­ta­coGBR) 45; 4: Jim San­di­ford (Greeves-GBR) 27; 5: Vic­tor Gigot (Greeves-BEL) 25; 6: Hans Cramer (Maico-DEU) 22; 7: Fritz Kopet­ski (Zun­dapp-DEU) 20; 8: Gor­don Blake­way (Bul­taco-GBR) 20; 9: An­dreas Brandl (Zun­dapp-DEU) 19; 10: Tony Davis (Greeves-GBR)18; 11: Nor­man Eyre (Bul­taco-GBR) 18; 12: Dave Thorpe (Tri­umph-GBR) 16; 13: Roland Bjork (Bul­taco-SWE) 15; 14: Roy Pe­plow (Tri­umph-GBR) 14; 15: Claude Vanste­na­gen (Greeves-BEL) 14.

1967: Chal­lenge Henry Groutars Tro­phy

RE­SULTS: 1: Don Smith (Greeves-GBR) 92; 2: Gustav Franke (Zun­dapp-DEU) 82; 3: An­dreas Brandl (Zun­dapp-DEU) 70; 4: Gunter Sengfelder (Zun­dapp-DEU) 67; 5: Chris­tian Rayer (Greeves/Mon­tesa-FRA) 67; 6: H-Ru­dolph Wyss (Bul­taco-CZR) 46; 7: An­dre Si­mens (Bul­taco-BEL) 44; 8: Gor­don Far­ley (Tri­umph-GBR) 25; 9: Gin­ger Siegfried (Zun­dapp-BEL) 22; 10: Alain Chaligne (Greeves-FRA) 21; 11: Claude Vanste­na­gen (Greeves-BEL) 18; 12: Bob De Graaf (Bul­taco-NED) 18; 13: Jean Cros­set (Bul­taco-BEL) 18; 14: Alain Martens (Zun­dapp-DEU) 16; 15: J-Pierre Bar­raud (Bul­taco-FRA) 16.

The Euro­pean Cham­pi­onship

With Bul­taco, Mon­tesa and Ossa now ar­riv­ing on the tri­als scene to chal­lenge such great man­u­fac­tur­ers as Ariel, BSA, Greeves and Tri­umph to name but a few, the de­ci­sion was made to up­grade from the Chal­lenge Henry Groutars Tro­phy in 1968 to the new ti­tle of the Euro­pean Cham­pi­onship, which took a broader group of coun­tries. Sammy Miller on the new Bul­taco was go­ing through an un­beat­able show of form and won the first of the new Euro­pean cham­pi­onship ti­tles.

Smith had moved from Greeves to Mon­tesa and took the ti­tle in 1969 be­fore Miller signed off from his fan­tas­tic pro­fes­sional ca­reer with a fi­nal cham­pi­onship win in 1970. The cham­pi­onship did not in­clude all the rounds, with the rid­ers having the op­por­tu­nity to drop some of their worst scores.

The Span­ish Ossa had now ar­rived on the tri­als scene with the Mick An­drews de­vel­oped ma­chine. In a fan­tas­tic show of bril­liance, he dom­i­nated the cham­pi­onship in 1971 and 1972. With the big four Ja­panese man­u­fac­tur­ers Honda, Kawasaki, Suzuki and Yamaha now ar­riv­ing on the tri­als scene, the pres­tige of the se­ries was grow­ing year on year. Rid­ers from Great Bri­tain were dom­i­nat­ing the se­ries with Martin Lamp­kin win­ning for Bul­taco in 1973, fol­lowed by Mal­colm Rath­mell in 1974.

The suc­cess of the Euro­pean se­ries was re­warded in 1975 with the sport’s govern­ing body fi­nally grant­ing the full ti­tle of the FIM World Tri­als Cham­pi­onship.

1968 Euro­pean Cham­pi­onship

RE­SULTS: 1: Sammy Miller (Bul­taco-GBR) 24; 2: Gustav Franke (Zun­dapp-DEU) 15; 3: Gor­don Far­ley (GreevesGBR) 14; 4: Bill Wilkin­son (Greeves-GBR) 14; 5: Peter Gaunt (Suzuki-GBR) 8; 6: Don Smith (Mon­tesa-GBR) 7; 7: Chris­tian Rayer (Mon­tesa-FRA) 6; 8: K-Heinz Atzinger (Zun­dapp-DEU) 3; 9: Jean Cros­set (Bul­taco-BEL) 2; 10: Roland Bjork (Bul­taco-SWE) 2; 11: Claude Wulf­gru­ber (Zun­dapp-DEU) 1; 12: Jim San­di­ford (Greeves-GBR) 1; 13: Jean Marie-Le­je­une (Honda-BEL) 1.

1969 Euro­pean Cham­pi­onship

RE­SULTS: 1: Don Smith (Mon­tesa-GBR) 51; 2: Den­nis Jones (Suzuki-GBR) 48; 3: Sammy Miller (Bul­ta­coGBR) 27; 4: Gustav Franke (Zun­dapp-DEU) 26; 5: Hans Bengts­son (Bul­taco-SWE) 25; 6: Char­lie Har­ris (Mon­te­saGBR) 22; 7: Claude Vanste­na­gen (Greeves-BEL) 20; 8: Roland Bjork (Bul­taco-SWE) 20; 9: Gor­don Far­ley (Mon­tesa-GBR) 20; 10: Er­land An­der­s­son (Husq­var­naSWE) 12; 11: Claude Wulf­gru­ber (Zun­dapp-DEU) 11; 12: Claude Peu­geot (Bul­taco-FRA) 10; 13: Lau­rence Telling

(Mon­tesa-GBR) 10; 14: Benny Sell­man (Mon­tesa-SWE) 10; 15: Tore Evert­son (Bul­taco-SWE) 9.

1970 Euro­pean Cham­pi­onship

RE­SULTS: 1: Sammy Miller (Bul­taco-GBR) 75; 2: Gor­don Far­ley (Mon­tesa-GBR) 62; 3: Lau­rence Telling (Mon­te­saGBR) 45; 4: Benny Sell­man (Mon­tesa-SWE) 34; 5: Mal­colm Rath­mell (Bul­taco-GBR) 29; 6: Tore Evert­son (Ossa-SWE) 26; 7: Roland Bjork (Bul­taco-SWE) 24; 8: Don Smith (Mon­tesa-GBR) 24; 9: Pertti Luh­ta­suo (Mon­tesa-FIN) 19; 10: Mick An­drews (Ossa-GBR) 15; 11: Geoff Chan­dler (Bul­taco-GBR) 15; 12: Rob Ed­wards

(Mon­tesa-GBR) 12; 13: Yrjo Ves­ter­i­nen (Mon­tesa-FIN) 9; 15: Stig Igel­strom (Bul­taco-SWE) 9.

1971 Euro­pean Cham­pi­onship

RE­SULTS: 1: Mick An­drews (Ossa-GBR) 75; 2: Mal­colm Rath­mell (Bul­taco-GBR) 59; 3: Gor­don Far­ley (Mon­te­saGBR) 53; 4: Rob Ed­wards (Mon­tesa-GBR) 52; 5: Dave Thorpe (Ossa-GBR) 45; 6: Benny Sell­man (Mon­te­saSWE) 29; 7: Yrjo Ves­ter­i­nen (Mon­tesa-FIN) 28; 8: Lau­rence Telling (Mon­tesa-GBR) 19; 9: Gustav Franke (Zun­dapp-DEU) 17; 10: Alan Lamp­kin (Bul­taco-GBR) 16; 11: Martin Lamp­kin (Bul­taco-GBR) 16; 12: Jean MarieLe­je­une (Mon­tesa-BEL) 14; 13: Er­land An­der­s­son (Os­saSWE) 14; 14: Pe­dro Pi (Mon­tesa-ESP) 11; 15: Rein­hart Chris­tel (Mon­tesa-DEU) 10.

1972 Euro­pean Cham­pi­onship

RE­SULTS: 1: Mick An­drews (Ossa-GBR) 87; 2: Mal­colm Rath­mell (Bul­taco-GBR) 73; 3: Martin Lamp­kin (Bul­ta­coGBR) 72; 4: Gor­don Far­ley (Mon­tesa-GBR) 44; 5: Rob Ed­wards (Mon­tesa-GBR) 29; 7: Yrjo Ves­ter­i­nen (Mon­tesa/ Bul­taco-FIN) 25; 7: Dave Thorpe (Ossa-GBR) 25; 8: Got­tfried Lin­der (Mon­tesa-DEU) 21; 9: Tore Evert­son (Ossa-SWE) 18; 10: Rob Shep­herd (Mon­tesa-GBR) 18; 11: Roger Ge­orge (Mon­tesa-BEL) 17; 12: Ig­na­cio Bulto (Bul­taco-ESP) 16; 13: Charles Coutard (Bul­taco-FRA) 15; 14: Ulf Karl­son (Mon­tesa-SWE) 5; 15: Benny Sell­man (Mon­tesa-SWE) 15.

1973 Euro­pean Cham­pi­onship

RE­SULTS: 1: Martin Lamp­kin (Bul­taco-GBR) 87; 2: Mick An­drews (Yamaha-GBR) 70; 3: Mal­colm Rath­mell (Bul­taco-GBR) 58; 4: Rob Ed­wards (Mon­tesa-GBR) 56; 5: Benny Sell­man (Mon­tesa-SWE) 55; 6: Rob Shep­herd (Mon­tesa-GBR) 39; 7: Yrjo Ves­ter­i­nen (Bul­taco-FIN) 39; 8: Tore Evert­son (Ossa-SWE) 33; 9: Charles Coutard (Bul­taco-FRA) 27; 10: Gor­don Far­ley (Mon­tesa-GBR) 26; 11: Dave Thorpe (Ossa-GBR) 19; 12: Jean Marie-Le­je­une (Mon­tesa-BEL) 17; 13: Jack Gal­loway (Kawasaki-GBR) 17; 14: Walther Luft (Puch-AUS) 16; 15: Ig­na­cio Bulto (Bul­taco-ESP) 10.

1974 Euro­pean Cham­pi­onship

RE­SULTS: 1: Mal­colm Rath­mell (Bul­taco-GBR) 96; 2: Ulf Karl­son (Mon­tesa-SWE) 87; 3: Mick An­drews (Yama­haGBR) 82; 4: Martin Lamp­kin (Bul­taco-GBR) 73; 5: Yrjo Ves­ter­i­nen (Bul­taco-FIN) 62; 6: Tore Evert­son (Os­saSWE) 55; 7: Benny Sell­man (Mon­tesa-SWE) 46; 8: Rob Ed­wards (Mon­tesa-GBR) 40; 9: Charles Coutard (Bul­ta­coFRA) 37; 10: Alan Lamp­kin (Bul­taco-GBR) 29; 11: Dave Thorpe (Ossa-GBR) 18; 12: Rob Shep­herd (Mon­tesa-GBR) 15; 13: Jean Marie-Le­je­une (Mon­tesa-BEL) 13; 14: Richard Sunter (Kawasaki-GBR) 13; 15: Manuel Soler (Bul­taco-ESP) 10.

1964 – 1974

WIN­NERS: Don Smith 3; Gustav Franke 2; Sammy Miller 2; Mick An­drews 2; Martin Lamp­kin 1; Mal­colm Rath­mell 1. MAN­U­FAC­TUR­ERS: Bul­taco 4; Greeves 2; Zun­dapp 2; Ossa 2; Mon­tesa 1. Re­search­ing and gen­er­at­ing ar­ti­cles from years ago can some­times be dif­fi­cult. If we have used any pic­tures or work and not cred­ited them cor­rectly and you are the copy­right works au­thors could you please con­tact Clas­sic Trial Mag­a­zine.

1968: Don Smith shows off the new Mon­tesa Cota 247 to Gunter Sen­felder and Gustav Franke at the Euro­pean round held in Ash­ford, Great Bri­tain.

Rid­ing with the throt­tle wide open, Arthur Lamp­kin makes the BSA ‘sing’. He along with many of the other BSA works rid­ers rode in both tri­als and mo­tocross in Europe in the early six­ties.

Later to be­come a mo­tocross world cham­pion, Bel­gium’s Roger De Coster com­peted in the very first Chal­lenge Henry Groutars Tro­phy tri­als in his home­land.

Bel­gian tri­als rid­ers vis­ited Eng­land to find out more about the grow­ing tri­als scene.

Had he con­tested the fi­nal round of the 1969 se­ries Den­nis Jones (Suzuki-GBR) would have given Ja­pan its first Euro­pean tri­als ti­tle. Miss­ing the last round he handed the crown to Don Smith on a plate.

Bel­gium’s Vic­tor Gigot (Mon­tesa) at the Bri­tish round of the then Euro­pean Cham­pi­onship, which started from the Sh­effield Wed­nes­day foot­ball ground. They gave ac­cess to the show­ers and chang­ing fa­cil­i­ties for the rid­ers – un­known in those days! The city of Sh­effield spon­sored the event for the Hills­bor­ough Club.

Sammy Miller (Bul­taco-GBR) was the first Euro­pean cham­pion in 1968.

Rid­ing num­ber 116, Sammy Miller at the start of the 1967 St Martins Trial in Bel­gium.

Gor­don Far­ley (Greeves-GBR) at the 1968 Euro­pean round in Ash­ford.

Proud to rep­re­sent Greeves in Europe Bill Wilkin­son was a reg­u­lar com­peti­tor on the con­ti­nent.

Benny Sell­man (Mon­tesa-SWE) splashes through the very wet day at the Bri­tish round of the Euro­pean Cham­pi­onship.

The head of the Bul­taco Em­pire, Xavier Bulto, made the trip from Spain to Great Bri­tain to watch Ig­na­cio Bulto com­pete in the rain.

The Ja­panese wanted a piece of the ac­tion and in­vested heav­ily in Mick An­drews on the Yamaha.

The Bri­tish round of the Euro­pean Cham­pi­onship was a suc­cess with Clerk of the Course Jack Wood in charge. The down­side of the day, apart from the weather, was the re­ac­tion of a cou­ple of rid­ers who couldn’t stand los­ing and mounted un­prece­dented schemes to try and change the re­sults. Dave Thorpe (Ossa) was the win­ner fair and square, and of course River Kwai be­cause it re­mained un-cleaned.

1971: Dave Thorpe on the left and Gor­don Far­ley un­der the um­brella en­joy the at­mos­phere that the Euro­pean Cham­pi­onship gen­er­ated.

Mick An­drews (Ossa-GBR) takes over the front cover of the Mo­to­ci­clismo mag­a­zine in Spain.

Bul­taco cel­e­brated Martin Lamp­kin’s 1973 Euro­pean vic­tory with the front cover on its brochure.

Mal­colm Rath­mell won the last Euro­pean Cham­pi­onship for Bul­taco.

Amer­ica opened the door to an ex­pand­ing tri­als cham­pi­onship with its first ‘World’ round in 1974. Alan Lamp­kin won for Bul­taco.

With the FIM award­ing full world cham­pi­onship sta­tus to tri­als for 1975 Bul­taco in­vested in a team of rid­ers ready to at­tack it. This is Manuel Soler from Spain grac­ing the front cover of Mo­to­ci­clismo mag­a­zine.

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