Jar­gon Buster

Computer Active (UK) - - Contents -

32bit/64bit A mea­sure of how much data a com­puter can process at once. Older com­put­ers are 32bit, mod­ern ones are 64bit.

3G/4G A set of tech­nolo­gies that de­liv­ers faster mo­bile broad­band.

4K Video with a res­o­lu­tion of at least 3840x2160 pix­els.

802.11ac A stan­dard for wire­less net­works that al­lows for much higher trans­fer speeds than 802.11n.

Add-on See Ex­ten­sion.

AMOLED Ac­tive-ma­trix Or­ganic Light-emit­ting Diode. An al­ter­na­tive tech­nol­ogy to LCD for cre­at­ing flat-panel dis­plays.

APNG An­i­mated Por­ta­ble Net­work Graph­ics. A file type that al­lows an­i­mated PNG files to act as GIFS.

Band­width A mea­sure of how much data can be trans­ferred through a con­nec­tion at one time.

Bench­mark­ing Com­par­ing soft­ware and prod­ucts with an ac­cepted stan­dard.

BIOS Ba­sic In­put-out­put Sys­tem. Soft­ware built into ev­ery PC that con­nects the vi­tal com­po­nents.

Bot­net A group of in­fected com­put­ers con­nected via the internet, and used to in­fect other PCS and send junk email.

Clean in­stall An op­er­at­ing sys­tem in­stal­la­tion that over­writes all other con­tent on the hard drive.

Clock speed The speed at which a PC pro­ces­sor can per­form op­er­a­tions. Mea­sured in GHZ.

Clone To make an ex­act copy of a drive on an­other drive.

Core Units on a pro­ces­sor that carry out pro­gram in­struc­tions.

Crowd­fund­ing When a com­pany gets the fi­nanc­ing to launch a new prod­uct from prospec­tive cus­tomers on­line.

DDR4 The new­est, fastest type of com­puter mem­ory.

Dis­play­port A new socket for con­nect­ing mon­i­tors.

Driver A file that tells Win­dows how to work with an ex­ter­nal de­vice.

Dual band A router that can work on the 2.4 and 5GHZ fre­quency.

Dual-boot sys­tem A PC with two op­er­at­ing sys­tems.

EML Emails saved as a file.

EXE A pro­gram file de­signed to run in Win­dows. Has the file ex­ten­sion .exe.

Ex­pan­sion slot A slot on a PC’S moth­er­board de­signed to al­low the ad­di­tion of ex­pan­sion cards.

Ex­ten­sion A pro­gram that adds ex­tra fea­tures to your browser.

Feed­back The tac­tile re­sponse that the keys on a key­board give when they’ve been pressed.

Firmware Soft­ware stored on hardware to con­trol its op­er­a­tion.

GHZ Gi­ga­hertz. A mea­sure of how many in­struc­tions a chip can process per sec­ond.

GPU Graph­ics Pro­ces­sor Unit. A chip de­signed to cre­ate 3D graph­ics.

Graph­ics card A com­po­nent in a com­puter that pro­duces the im­age shown on the mon­i­tor.

Hardware ac­cel­er­a­tion Us­ing a graph­ics card to rad­i­cally im­prove video and games per­for­mance.

HDCP Copy-pro­tec­tion tech­nol­ogy for high-def­i­ni­tion con­tent built into Blu-ray play­ers.

HDMI High-def­i­ni­tion me­dia in­ter­face. A con­nec­tion that trans­mits high-def­i­ni­tion video and au­dio.

HTTPS Hy­per Text Trans­fer Pro­to­col Se­cure. The se­cure ver­sion of HTTP, the tech­nol­ogy that sends data be­tween your browser and the web.

IMEI In­te­grated Mo­bile Equip­ment Iden­tity. A unique num­ber used to iden­tify each mo­bile phone.

IP ad­dress Internet Pro­to­col ad­dress. A unique set of num­bers used to iden­tify com­put­ers and web­sites on the internet.

ISO file Im­age file that con­tains all the data from a CD or DVD.

Launcher An app that changes how the An­droid home screen looks and works.

LED Light-emit­ting Diode. An elec­tronic de­vice that emits light.

M.2 A stan­dard for in­ter­nal PC ex­pan­sion cards and con­nec­tors.

Mesh router Wire­less net­work sys­tem that uses mul­ti­ple routers to stretch Wi-fi fur­ther.

Meta­data A set of data that gives in­for­ma­tion about a file.

Mi­crosd card A small type of mem­ory card.

Mi­crosim A smaller ver­sion of SIM cards used in smart­phones.

MS-DOS Mi­crosoft Disk Op­er­at­ing Sys­tem. The stan­dard PC op­er­at­ing sys­tem be­fore Win­dows.

NVME Non-volatile Mem­ory Ex­press. An in­ter­face that lets solid-state drives work faster.

Open source Soft­ware that can be mod­i­fied by any­one, not just the com­pany that cre­ated it.

Over­clock Make a pro­ces­sor work faster to boost per­for­mance.

Par­ti­tion A large hard drive can be split into two or more par­ti­tions.

Pci-ex­press Pe­riph­eral Com­po­nent In­ter­con­nect Ex­press. A faster ver­sion of PCI.

Phish­ing A form of internet fraud that tries to trick you into re­veal­ing per­sonal de­tails.

Prod­uct key A unique num­ber that must be typed in by the user be­fore a pro­gram will launch for the first time.

PUP Po­ten­tially un­wanted pro­gram. Ex­am­ples in­clude un­nec­es­sary plug-ins, tool­bars and browser hi­jack­ers.

Quad core A PC that has four pro­ces­sors on a sin­gle chip.

RAM Ran­dom-ac­cess mem­ory. The com­puter’s work­ing area.

RAW A for­mat for dig­i­tal pho­tos that stores the im­age ex­actly as the cam­era cap­tured it.

Read speed How long it takes a hard drive to ‘read’ data and re­spond to it.

RGB im­age A colour pic­ture cre­ated on a mon­i­tor, by com­bin­ing a value for red, green and blue chan­nels.

SATA Se­rial ATA. An in­ter­face for con­nect­ing hard drives and op­ti­cal discs to a com­puter.

Search oper­a­tor Char­ac­ters you can add to a search query to nar­row the re­sults.

SRGB A stan­dard RGB colour space for use on mon­i­tors, print­ers and the internet.

SSD Solid-state drive. Stor­age that uses no mov­ing parts.

Steamvr Op­er­at­ing sys­tem that runs on some vir­tual-re­al­ity gam­ing head­sets.

Tem­po­rary file A file cre­ated by a browser to store web­site data.

Thun­der­bolt A very fast port for con­nect­ing ex­ter­nal stor­age to a PC.

Times­tamp The time which an event is recorded by a com­puter.

Travel The dis­tance the keys of a key­board have to be pressed be­fore the key­stroke is recog­nised.

Two-fac­tor au­then­ti­ca­tion A sys­tem that uses two means to iden­tify a user.

UEFI Uni­fied Ex­ten­si­ble Firmware In­ter­face. Mod­ern ver­sion of BIOS.

USB 2.0/3.0/3.1 Faster suc­ces­sors to USB.

USB Type-c A new con­nec­tor that‘s re­versible, mean­ing you can plug it in up­side down.

Vir­tual desk­top Sys­tem of mul­ti­ple desk­tops you can switch be­tween from your main desk­top.

Write speed How long it takes a hard drive to save data.

ZIP file A file that con­tains com­pressed doc­u­ments or files.

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