on this DAY
490BC: The Greeks defeated the Persians under Darius at the Battle of Marathon.
1759: The British under General Wolfe won the Battle of Quebec.
1788: New York became federal capital of the new United States of America.
1874: Composer Arnold Schoenberg was born in Vienna. As a triskaidekaphobe (someone afraid of the number 13), he predicted he would die on the 13th at the age of 76 (7+6=13). He did, on July 13, 1951 at 13 minutes to midnight. His last word was “harmony”.
1944: William Heath Robinson, the English artist known for his drawings of complex machinery which performed simple tasks, died.
1957: The Mousetrap became Britain’s longest running play, reaching its 1,998th performance.
1985: The World Health Organisation declared Aids a worldwide epidemic.
2008: Hurricane Ike ravaged parts of Texas and Louisiana, battering the US coast with 110mph gusts of wind and torrential rain.
ON THIS DAY LAST YEAR: A debut novelist was shortlisted for the Man Booker Prize for a book she began writing on her mobile phone on her way to work.