ON THIS DAY
1567: The first state lottery was held in England - 40,000 lots at 10 shillings each were available from St Paul’s Cathedral. 1753: Sir Hans Sloane, British physician and naturalist, whose collection formed the nucleus of the British Museum, died. 1858: H Gordon Selfridge, founder of the London Department Store, was born in Ripon, Wisconsin. 1917: A patriotic appeal was launched for the nation to subscribe to the newstaggering War Loan, to finance the cost of the conflict (£5.7 million a day). 1922: Insulin was first used successfully in the treatment of diabetes.
1928: Thomas Hardy, English poet and novelist, died in his native Dorset aged 87.
1973: The Open University awarded its first degrees. 1974: The first surviving sextuplets were born in South Africa. 1993: Richard Branson, above, won a legal victory after British Airways apologised for a”dirty tricks campaign” against Virgin Atlantic Airways.