Daily Express

Historic sites to be treasured s

- By Jan Disley

AN ancient “car wash” for coaches and a church designed in the shape of an upturned boat are just two of the unusual sites listed by Historic England in 2023.

A rare Iron Age cave and a pub that was a prototype for an early railway station are also among 227 historic buildings and sites added to the National Heritage List.

Also making the cut are a purpose-built golf club and Second World War radar station, a primary school, a furniture showroom, a footbridge and a water tower.

They will all receive special protection so they can be enjoyed for future generation­s.

And Historic England is celebratin­g 16 of the most remarkable – by inviting the public to share memories and pictures of them as part of its Missing Pieces project.

Barkway Carriage Wash in Royston, Hertfordsh­ire, has stood in the same location since the 17th century and is believed to be the earliest known example of a “modern day car wash”. During the coaching era, it cleaned the wheels and name

‘These sites give us a window into our rich and varied environmen­t’

plates of coaches to prevent the wood from shrinking and it was an important stop-over en route from London to Cambridge and the North.

But it was operating well into the 20th century when residents remember it being used to fill steam tractors.

The Church of St Nicholas in Fleetwood, Lancashire, is a rare example in the North by Lawrence King, a leading ecclesiast­ical architect of the post-war period. Built between 1960 and 1962, its upturned boat design was created to emphasise Fleetwood’s strong maritime connection­s.

Modern buildings also make the list including the Doncaster Dome leisure centre, which opened in 1989.

The Railway Tavern pub in Darlington was one of three pubs built in 1826-1827 by the Stockton and Darlington Railway.

The pubs were built next to one of the S&DR’s coal depots, which were expected to be the railway’s primary source of revenue. The success of passenger services was unexpected.

At 380 yards from the main line, the Railway Tavern did not develop into a fully functionin­g railway station. However, it was successful as a pub and is the only one of the three still operating as one. The clubhouse at Beaconsfie­ld Golf Club, built between 1913 and 1914, is a rare example of a purpose-built Arts and Crafts clubhouse. Many famous golfers have been associated with it including former World Number One Luke Donald, ex-pro and TV host Peter Alliss and amateur golfer “Cecil” (Cecilia) Leitch, the dominant player in BritishWom­en’s golf in the early 1900s.

Built in 1941, Chain Home Low Radar Station, in Craster, Northumber­land, played a crucial role in the defence of the nation and is a physical reminder of wartime tensions and fears.

It remains intact, with two principal buildings and original room fittings including a generator bed, cable ducts and evidence of power transmissi­on.

And Lower Boscaswell Fogou, in St Just, Cornwall, is billed as “extremely rare”.

Fogous, derived from the Cornish for cave, are undergroun­d stone-built tunnels up to 100ft long and 6ft wide, sometimes with a chamber and side passages.

They were mainly constructe­d in the early IronAge (500BC-200BC) and are associated with settlement­s. Other interestin­g picks include a railway footbridge in Wigan, a clock tower building in Liverpool, a primary school fireplace in Manchester, a water tower in Kimberley, Nottingham­shire, and a colliery winding house in Swanwick, Derbyshire. Chief executive of Historic England Duncan Wilson said: “We’ve examined and protected some amazing sites this year, which together give us a window into our rich and varied historic environmen­t.

“The festive period is a great time to find out more. I encourage everyone to explore the heritage on our doorsteps.”

 ?? ?? Rust is history... footbridge in Wigan
Time piece... clock tower in Liverpool
Rust is history... footbridge in Wigan Time piece... clock tower in Liverpool
 ?? ?? Tunnels loved...at Boscaswell, Cornwall and St Nicholas, Fleetwood
Tunnels loved...at Boscaswell, Cornwall and St Nicholas, Fleetwood
 ?? ?? Modern marvel... Doncaster Dome
Modern marvel... Doncaster Dome
 ?? Pictures: ALUN BULL/HISTORIC ENGLAND ?? Digging it... colliery headgear, Swanwick, fireplace at Manchester school and radar station at Craster
High culture... Swingate water tower in Kimberley, Notts
Pictures: ALUN BULL/HISTORIC ENGLAND Digging it... colliery headgear, Swanwick, fireplace at Manchester school and radar station at Craster High culture... Swingate water tower in Kimberley, Notts
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 ?? ?? In the swing... Beaconsfie­ld Golf Club
In the swing... Beaconsfie­ld Golf Club

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