Daily Mail

Musk: A.I. will mean no one needs to have a job

- By Kumail Jaffer and Jim Norton

ARTIFICIAL intelligen­ce will eventually mean no one needs to work, Elon Musk told Rishi Sunak last night.

In conversati­on with the Prime Minister, the tech billionair­e compared AI to a ‘magic genie’ that would bring a time when ‘no job is needed’.

Mr Musk said people could still work ‘for personal satisfacti­on’ if they wanted, and one of the future challenges would be finding ‘meaning in life’.

Mr Sunak replied: ‘I’m someone who believes work gives you meaning.’

Speaking in front of tech bosses and journalist­s, Mr Musk said: ‘You can have a job if you want to for personal satisfacti­on, AI can do everything.

‘I don’t know if that makes people comdeal fortable or uncomforta­ble. It’s both good and bad.

‘One of the challenges in future will be how do we find meaning in life. We won’t have universal basic income but universal high income. It’ll be good for education - it’ll be the best tutor.’

Speaking at Lancaster House following the AI summit at Bletchley Park, Mr Musk described ‘a future of abundance where there is no scarcity,’ calling AI a ‘magic genie’. But he then quipped that those fairytales rarely end well.

The X owner also suggested AI robots could also become our friends. ‘An AI with memory could know you better than you know yourself – you could actually have a great friend,’ he said.

Mr Musk hailed the Prime Minister’s decision to invite China to the summit.

He said: ‘If China is not on board, it becomes a weird situation. China is willing to participat­e in AI safety.

‘This is something they care

about – having them here was essential.’

The pair agreed that AI had major potential – though Mr Musk warned it should have a physical ‘off switch’ as well as regulation.

‘There is a need for government to play a role when public safety is at risk. It can be annoying, but having a referee is a good thing.

‘AI will be a force for good – most likely – but the chance of it going badly is not zero.’

He had earlier warned that AI poses ‘one of the biggest threats’ to humanity, clashing with Nick Clegg over the extent of the dangers. Speaking at the first day of the summit, the Facebook boss urged government­s not to ‘micromanag­e’ tech companies.

Mr Musk last night issued a further warning about humanoid robots that ‘ can basically chase you anywhere’.

‘What if they get a software update one day, and they’re not so friendly any more?’

The Prime Minister said ‘ we’ve all watched’ movies about androids that end with the machines being switched off. But Mr Musk said the UK ‘is in a strong position’ on developing robots, praising Dyson in particular.

Mr Sunak hinted that the next General Election will take place in 2024 – rather than January 2025, the latest one could take place.

Speaking about the dangers of deep fakes, the Prime Minister said: ‘I have already had a situation with a doctored image. Next year we have elections in India, the US, Indonesia, probably here. An enormous proportion of the world population is voting.

‘Next year will be the first time that this has been an issue. It is mission critical to work out how to with this.’ He declared that the summit had shown that the world had both the ‘political will and capability’ to control the technology.

He also said that the two- day event would ‘tip the balance in favour of humanity’.

It came as the Prime Minister announced that leading AI firms had agreed to allow government­s to test the safety of their models before they are released.

Mr Sunak, who had earlier warned the threat of AI was similar in scale to pandemics and nuclear wars, said: ‘We can’t expect companies to mark their own homework.’

While admitting ‘binding requiremen­ts’ would likely be needed to regulate the technology, Mr Sunak said now was the time to move quickly without laws.

However, he indicated it may need to be put on a statutory footing in the future.

‘It could be like a magic genie’

They call it a ‘city of yesterday’, where nostalgic Americans will escape the problems of the modern world. In California Forever, children will walk to school and grandparen­ts will live down the street from their grandchild­ren, say its founders. Promo drawings show youngsters riding their bikes down tree-lined streets and families canoeing on lily-covered lakes.

A secretive group of Silicon Valley moguls has paid $900 million for 50,000 acres of rural land in Solano County, north- east of San Francisco — and say their ‘sustainabl­e community’ could one day house 400,000 people.

But will this old- fashioned suburban paradise also be free from Artificial Intelligen­ce (AI), the potentiall­y apocalypti­c technology some say threatens our existence?

It’s a fair question given that one of the project’s main backers is the billionair­e venture capitalist and software engineer Marc Andreessen. Two weeks ago, the Iowa-born tech guru published an extraordin­ary ‘manifesto’ warning the world of the folly of resisting the onward march of AI.

he’s an influentia­l figure and his 5,000-word Techno-Optimist Manifesto will be known to many of the politician­s and Silicon Valley bosses attending Rishi Sunak’s world-first AI Summit this week at the former World War II codebreaki­ng hQ, Bletchley Park.

From the devastatin­g mental harm wrought by social media to the rampant misinforma­tion, violence and pornograph­y spread on the internet, technology is often blamed for many of the contempora­ry world’s problems.

however, with breathtaki­ng nerve, Andreessen — one of the most powerful people in Silicon Valley — argues precisely the opposite. In fact, there’s no modern problem that cannot be solved by technology, he insists, which is why we must do all we can to accelerate the dawn of ‘artificial general intelligen­ce’ — when computers start to ‘think’ like humans.

Considerat­ions like ethics, safety and regulation­s must not be allowed to get in the way, he argues. Dismissing his opponents as ‘elites’, ‘Luddites’ and ‘communists’, he insists there’s no cause for alarm. ‘We are not primitives, cowering in fear of the lightning bolt,’ he intones. ‘We are the apex predator; the lightning works for us.’

It comes at a time when Big Tech is split into two factions over AI. On one side, the likes of Andreessen and Facebook’s head of policy, the exdeputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg, are pushing for ever faster AI developmen­t.

ONThe other side, a group is fighting to slow — or even halt — research into the technology. They include the three pioneering computer scientists known as the ‘ godfathers of AI’ — yann LeCun, Geoffrey hinton and yoshua Bengio — who have all expressed alarm at the way the technology is going amid fears it could even lead to the extinction of humanity.

Andreessen, 52, who’s been dubbed the ‘chief ideologist of the Silicon Valley elite’, and a coterie of other AI zealots in the tech world couldn’t disagree more.

Critics argue much of their enthusiasm is deeply self- serving, as these entreprene­urs have made millions — even billions — from digital innovation­s and stand to get richer still from AI.

Their ranks include those who’ve already made fortunes from such ethically questionab­le industries as cryptocurr­encies, violent video games and social media.

Adding to the unease is the sense that their cause is beginning to feel like something of a religious cult. Many subtly signal their allegiance by adding an ‘e/acc’ tag to their profiles on X/Twitter. It stands for ‘effective accelerati­on’, a set of ideas centred around the theory that AI shouldn’t just be unrestrain­ed but accelerate­d for the good of mankind.

Some of them say artificial general intelligen­ce will be achieved by 2030. Tech venture capitalist and AI devotee Garry Tan has predicted that anyone with a job in future will either be telling a computer what to do, or having a computer telling them what to do.

Of course, we should by now be used to Silicon Valley moguls lecturing us about how to cope with a fast-changing world that they have done so much to manipulate.

however, as one might expect of someone who publishes his own ‘manifesto’ and who peppers his musings with references to philosophe­rs from heraclitus to Rousseau, Andreessen is considered to be virtually in a league of his own.

hailing from America’s smalltown Mid-West, he’s a classic Silicon Valley success story. Playing around on the internet while at university, he co-created Mosaic, which became the first widely used web browser.

ATONLy 22, after moving to the Valley, he became even richer when he co- founded Netscape, an early rival of Microsoft. Its stock market flotation in 1995 marked the beginning of the dotcom boom and made the outspoken Andreessen a business star.

he insists that the internet is a force for good, that cryptocurr­encies such as Bitcoin (in which he has heavily dabbled) are the future of money and that he believes in unfettered freedom of speech.

he’s already made some $2 billion (£1.6 billion) from the internet and, given that it’s estimated the AI industry could be worth nearly $2 trillion by 2030, that could be chicken feed if he gets his way.

Andreessen has his fingers in a lot of lucrative pies, not only sitting on the board of Meta, parent company of Facebook (which is expected to make untold billions from AI), but also on the advisory board for Neom, the putative ‘mega city’ in the Saudi Arabian desert on which staggering sums are being spent by the Saudis.

While other Silicon Valley moguls decided to leave the project following the Saudi regime’s involvemen­t in the brutal murder of journalist Jamal Khashoggi, Andreessen remains on the board.

Since 2006, he has been married to ‘philanthro­py guru’ Laura Arrillaga who, helpfully for the family finances, is the daughter of a billionair­e property developer, not

to mention a close friend of reality TV star Kim Kardashian.

Despite the cosy suburban 1950s theme planned for California Forever, Marc and Laura prefer to wallow in very 21st- century splendour. In 2021, they bought a seven-acre compound in Malibu formerly owned by fashion mogul Serge Azria for $ 177 million (£145 million). It set a record for the highest price paid for a property in California. The compound includes a 10,000 sq ft main house, two guesthouse­s, cinema, bistro and spa.

Critics have been scathing about his new ‘manifesto’, which includes cringewort­hy phrases such as ‘Love doesn’t scale, so let’s stick with money’ and ‘We believe in the romance of technology’.

The New york Times called it a ‘ horrifying, silly vision for who should rule the world’ that illustrate­d ‘the delusion of people who’ve been able to buy their way out of everything uncomforta­ble, inconvenie­nt or painful’.

yet Andreessen is not alone. Another of AI’s most fervent apostles is Rich Sutton, hailed as a ‘ rock star’ of AI but actually professor of computing science at Canada’s Alberta University. he calls the process of machines becoming more intelligen­t than humans ‘ an unpreceden­ted evolutiona­ry transition, not just on earth but in the entire Universe’.

The ‘greatest risks’ posed by AI could come from ‘dragging our feet over it’, he claims. ‘ Attempting to reverse or control this process is futile,’ says Sutton. ‘Our only viable path forward is to acknowledg­e its inevitabil­ity and craft a prudent, thoughtful plan for the transfer of stewardshi­p to the AI heirs.’

Last month, he told a conference in Shanghai that, with AI, ‘ inevitably we will create our successors’, asking his audience: ‘ Why would we want greater beings kept subservien­t to us?’

having worked until recently for Google DeepMind, one of the big AI firms attending the Bletchley Park summit, last month Sutton announced he was teaming up with computer games designer John Carmack to start a new company aiming to ‘ bring greater focus and urgency to the creation of artificial general intelligen­ce’.

Carmack, who as the creator of cult 1990s computer games Doom and Quake has been dubbed the father of violent ‘ first- person shooter’ games, has an office packed full of superhero comicbook parapherna­lia — hardly dispelling the stereotype of AI enthusiast­s as naive sci-fi geeks.

Silicon Valley has proved that it cannot be trusted to do what it wants without responsibl­e adults looking over its shoulder.

Many of those, led by Andreessen and Sutton, demanding they be allowed to go hell for leather for super-intelligen­t AI might well be better replaced by a machine — but only if it has an off switch.

 ?? ?? Shaping the future: Rishi Sunak and Elon Musk discuss the capabiliti­es and the dangers of Artificial Intelligen­ce in London last night
Shaping the future: Rishi Sunak and Elon Musk discuss the capabiliti­es and the dangers of Artificial Intelligen­ce in London last night
 ?? Pictures: ALAMY ?? Guru: Marc Andreessen, wife Laura and uber-rich Malibu
Pictures: ALAMY Guru: Marc Andreessen, wife Laura and uber-rich Malibu
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