Ques­tion time

As the Mir­ror launches its £500 cash-prize quiz chal­lenge, here’s ev­ery­thing you ever wanted to know and more about puz­zles

Daily Mirror - - NEWS - BY MATT ROPER

IT’S time to test your grey mat­ter with our new Day-2-Day chal­lenge.

The Mir­ror’s quiz, launched to­day and of­fer­ing a £500 prize, will pose you one or two ques­tions to an­swer ev­ery day.

At the end of each week, take the first let­ter from each an­swer from that week and, us­ing the clue, rear­range them to find the prize word and en­ter our draw.

Good luck – and what bet­ter to in­spire you than a look at hu­man­ity’s en­dur­ing fas­ci­na­tion with puz­zles…

■ The first puz­zles emerged in 2,300BC, when labyrinth draw­ings be­came pop­u­lar in An­cient Greece and Egypt. The im­ages also held re­li­gious and spir­i­tual mean­ing. ■ The word “quiz” is thought to have been coined by Ir­ish the­atre owner Richard Daly, who in 1791 bet that within 48 hours he could make a non­sense word spo­ken through­out Dublin. He then got his em­ploy­ees to write the “QUIZ” on doors, win­dows and walls, and it be­came the talk of the town. ■ Palin­dromes – a phrase that reads the same back­wards as for­wards – were first used by the Greeks in the first cen­tury AD. ■ The first pub­lished cross­word puz­zle ap­peared in the Sun­day New York World on De­cem­ber 21, 1913, and was de­vised by Liver­pudlian Arthur Wynne. The puz­zle was an im­me­di­ate suc­cess and be­came a weekly fea­ture, al­though it re­mained the only pa­per to run them un­til 1924.

■ Al­though Scrab­ble was in­vented in 1938, the first word­search puz­zle did not ap­pear un­til 1968, cre­ated by Norman Gi­bat and pub­lished in Ok­la­homa’s Se­lenby Di­gest. ■ In 2011, peo­ple play­ing Foldit, an on­line puz­zle game about pro­tein fold­ing, re­solved the struc­ture of an en­zyme caus­ing an Aids-like dis­ease in mon­keys. Re­searchers had been work­ing on the prob­lem for 13 years but the gamers solved it in three weeks.

■ A puz­zle book called Mas­quer­ade sparked a UK craze in 1979, as it con­tained clues in paint­ings and verse that would lead to a hid­den, 18-carat golden hare. More than a mil­lion copies were sold and lawns were dug up around the coun­try. But the hunt ended in scan­dal af­ter the man who even­tu­ally found it was re­vealed to have had con­tact with the author.

■ In 1944, by huge co­in­ci­dence, a cross­word puz­zle was printed with an­swers all con­tain­ing D-Day op­er­a­tion co­de­names, which made MI5 think their in­va­sion plans had been dis­cov­ered.

■ In 1926 waiter An­tal Gyula, 25, was found in a wash­room in Bu­dapest with gun­shot wounds. Po­lice found a sui­cide note in the form of a cross­word puz­zle, which Gyula said would re­veal his rea­sons and “the names of the peo­ple in­ter­ested”. Mil­lions have tried to solve Gyula’s puz­zle but the cross­word has yet to be cracked. ■ A nine-by-nine Su­doku grid has 6,670,903,752,021,072,936,960 pos­si­ble com­bi­na­tions but only 5,472,730,538 of them re­ally count for dif­fer­ent so­lu­tions. ■ In Canada and Aus­tralia, any­one play­ing the lottery must do a maths puz­zle first – to class it as a “game of skill”, not gam­bling.

■ The jig­saw with the most pieces had 551,232 and was put to­gether in 2011 by stu­dents at the Uni­ver­sity of Eco­nomics in Viet­nam.

■ The word-lad­der puz­zle was in­vented by Alice’s Ad­ven­tures in Won­der­land author Lewis Car­roll on Christ­mas Day 1877.

■ The pub quiz was es­tab­lished in the 70s, mainly by com­pany Burns and Porter, to get peo­ple in on qui­eter nights. CAP­I­TAL CITYı

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ç-2- QUES­TION 1 Third largest US city, where the hos­pi­tal drama se­ries ER was set. .................................................

QUES­TION 2 Ship in which Cap­tain James Cook set sail in 1768.

1938 Scrab­ble has be­come a fave

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