On this day ...
1483: Martin Luther, German religious reformer, was born in Eisleben.
1683: George II was born in Hanover.
1871: Henry Morton Stanley, sent to Africa by his newspaper to find Scottish missionary David Livingstone, above, finally made contact with him at Ujiji on Lake Tanganyika with the words: “Dr Livingstone, I presume.”
1910: Edward Elgar conducted the first performance of his violin concerto, played by Fritz Kreisler, in the Queen’s Hall, London.
1928: Hirohito was crowned Emperor of Japan at 27.
1982: Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev died of a heart attack, aged 75.
1988: George Bush was elected US President.
1991: In Calcutta, a record 95,000 people watched South Africa’s return to international cricket. They won by three wickets.
1997: British au pair Louise Woodward walked free from a court in America when judge Hiller Zobel reduced her murder conviction to manslaughter.
ON THIS DAY LAST YEAR: A series of war memorials erected a century ago, before the end of the First World War, were given protected status. BIRTHDAYS: Albert Hall, actor, 81; Sir Tim Rice, lyricist, above, 74; Roland Emmerich, film director, 63; Mackenzie Phillips, actress, 59; Eddie Irvine, former racing driver, 53; Steve Brookstein, singer, 50; Eve, rapper and producer, 40.