On this day ...
1909: The first Woolworth’s store in Britain opened in Liverpool.
1912: The British Board of Film Censors was appointed. It decided on two classifications – Universal and Not Suitable for Children.
1914: Britain and France declared war on Turkey.
1956: A popular uprising in Hungary was crushed by Soviet tanks and troops, with an estimated 20,000 Hungarians killed.
1968: US presidential election - Republican challenger Richard M Nixon defeated vice president Hubert Humphrey and American Independent Party candidate George C Wallace.
1990: Rabbi Meir Kahane, founder of the far-right Kach movement, was shot dead after a speech at a New York City hotel.
1991: Robert Maxwell, millionaire publishing tycoon, was found dead at sea hours after disappearing from his yacht off the Canary Islands.
2006: Former Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein, above, was sentenced to death by hanging by the Iraq High Tribunal.
ON THIS DAY LAST YEAR: A new study suggested that around 2000 British children were admitted to hospital each year with problems that could have been avoided if they got all of their vaccinations.
BIRTHDAYS: Lester Piggott, former jockey, 84; Elke Sommer, actress, 79; Art Garfunkel, singer, 78; Dennis Andries, former boxer, 66; Bryan Adams, above, rock singer, 60; Tatum O’Neal, actress, 56; Tamzin Outhwaite, actress, 49; Daniella Westbrook, actress, 46.