ON THIS DAY
1497: The Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama rounded the Cape of Good Hope in his search for a route to India.
1718: Edward Teach, English pirate who sailed under the name of Blackbeard, was killed off the coast of North Carolina.
1808: Thomas Cook, who pioneered the holiday package tour, was born in Derbyshire.
1819: Mary Ann Evans, who took the pseudonym George Eliot and wrote The Mill On The Floss, was born in Arbury, Warwickshire.
1830: Container transport was introduced by Pickfords, the carriers, in an agreement with the Liverpool & Manchester Railway Company.
1913: Composer Benjamin Britten was born in Lowestoft.
1946: The first ballpoint pen went on sale, invented by Hungarian Laszlo Biro.
1963: John F Kennedy, above, president of the United States, was assassinated in Dallas, Texas, during the run-up to the 1964 presidential campaign.
1975: The monarchy was restored in Spain when Juan Carlos was sworn in as King in Madrid.
ON THIS DAY LAST YEAR:
Italy’s Leaning Tower Of Pisa was finally straightening itself out - by around 4cm - following careful work, it was reported.